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Systematic Review

Effectiveness of Music-Based Intervention in Improving Uncomfortable Symptoms in ICU Patients: An Umbrella Review

by 1,2, 2, 3,4,5 and 6,7,8,*
1
Department of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung 406040, Taiwan
2
Department of Nursing, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 40705, Taiwan
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112201, Taiwan
4
School of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei 112304, Taiwan
5
Research Division, Center for Evidence-based Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112201, Taiwan
6
Ph.D. Program for Health Science and Industry, China Medical University, Taichung 406404, Taiwan
7
School of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 406040, Taiwan
8
Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 404332, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Beata Dobrowolska, Alvisa Palese and Dorota Ozga
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11500; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111500
Received: 13 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 29 October 2021 / Published: 1 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Research)
Background: Intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience multiple uncomfortable symptoms, which may be alleviated using music-based intervention, a nondrug treatment. This umbrella review aims to combine the data of systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses to evaluate the effectiveness of music-based intervention in improving uncomfortable symptoms in ICU patients. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed on the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Airiti Library, CINAHL, ProQuest, and Web of Science databases, and Epistemonikos. The search had no language restrictions, and articles on the improvement of symptoms using music-based intervention in adult ICU patients were included. This review protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42021240327). Results: This umbrella review retrieved 5 systematic reviews and 41 original studies, including 39 randomized controlled trials, and 2 nonrandomized controlled trials. Diverse music was the most common music type used for music-based intervention, the intervention music was typically decided by the study participants (61%), and most subjects underwent one intervention session (78%). Furthermore, most music intervention sessions lasted for 30 min (44%). The positive results included decreased anxiety, decreased pain, decreased agitation, decreased anesthesia dose and sedative use, decreased chances of delirium, decreased feelings of uncomfort, and improved sleep quality. Conclusions: A systematic review on the effectiveness of music-based intervention in improving uncomfortable symptoms in ICU patients revealed that 20–30 min intervention sessions showed the best improvement in the uncomfortable symptoms in patients. This study provides a basis for using music-based intervention to relieve the uncomfortable symptoms in critically ill ICU patients, and a reference for empirical clinical practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: intensive care unit; music-based intervention; uncomfortable symptoms; umbrella literature review intensive care unit; music-based intervention; uncomfortable symptoms; umbrella literature review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.-F.; Chang, M.-Y.; Chow, L.-H.; Ma, W.-F. Effectiveness of Music-Based Intervention in Improving Uncomfortable Symptoms in ICU Patients: An Umbrella Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11500. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111500

AMA Style

Chen Y-F, Chang M-Y, Chow L-H, Ma W-F. Effectiveness of Music-Based Intervention in Improving Uncomfortable Symptoms in ICU Patients: An Umbrella Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11500. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111500

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yu-Fen, Mei-Yu Chang, Lok-Hi Chow, and Wei-Fen Ma. 2021. "Effectiveness of Music-Based Intervention in Improving Uncomfortable Symptoms in ICU Patients: An Umbrella Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11500. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111500

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