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Article

Blood Transfusion Knowledge among Nurses in Malaysia: A University Hospital Experience

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Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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Transfusion Medicine Unit, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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Department of Pathology, Hospital Umum Sarawak, Kuching 93586, Sarawak, Malaysia
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Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paula Parás-Bravo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11194; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111194
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 19 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 25 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
Blood transfusion is a fundamental and life-saving procedure where the consequence of errors can be fatal. Nurses’ knowledge plays an essential role in ensuring quality and safety in blood transfusion. The objective of this study was to assess blood transfusion-associated knowledge of tertiary hospital nurses on the east coast of Malaysia. This was a cross-sectional study with 200 registered nurses involved in blood transfusion procedures at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. The knowledge of the nurses was evaluated by using the routine blood transfusion knowledge questionnaire based on five parts, and <50%, 50–74%, or ≥75% of the knowledge was considered as poor, moderate, or high, respectively. Based on the scoring system, the overall knowledge of blood transfusion among Malaysian nurses (33.2 ± 8.4 years) was estimated to be 54.9 ± 7.6%. In individual items, the scoring was 81.0%, 45.4%, 49.2%, 63.0%, and 90.0% in knowledge prior to blood transfusion, on pre-transfusion, on post-transfusion, on complications, and on transfusion policy, respectively. The findings of this study indicated that most of the nurses’ overall knowledge of blood transfusion was at a moderate level; therefore, training courses and continuous medical education are warranted to improve knowledge and skills of the nurses to ensure good practices of blood transfusion. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood; transfusion; knowledge; nurses; assessment; questionnaire blood; transfusion; knowledge; nurses; assessment; questionnaire
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohd Noor, N.H.; Saad, N.H.; Khan, M.; Hassan, M.N.; Ramli, M.; Bahar, R.; Mohamed Yusoff, S.; Iberahim, S.; Wan Ab Rahman, W.S.; Zulkafli, Z.; Islam, M.A. Blood Transfusion Knowledge among Nurses in Malaysia: A University Hospital Experience. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111194

AMA Style

Mohd Noor NH, Saad NH, Khan M, Hassan MN, Ramli M, Bahar R, Mohamed Yusoff S, Iberahim S, Wan Ab Rahman WS, Zulkafli Z, Islam MA. Blood Transfusion Knowledge among Nurses in Malaysia: A University Hospital Experience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohd Noor, Noor H., Noor H. Saad, Mohammad Khan, Mohd N. Hassan, Marini Ramli, Rosnah Bahar, Shafini Mohamed Yusoff, Salfarina Iberahim, Wan S. Wan Ab Rahman, Zefarina Zulkafli, and Md A. Islam. 2021. "Blood Transfusion Knowledge among Nurses in Malaysia: A University Hospital Experience" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111194

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