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The Influence of Social Capital on Youths’ Anti-Epidemic Action in the Field of Epidemic-Preventative Social Distancing in China

1
School of Management, Guangzhou Xinhua University, Guangzhou 510520, China
2
Department of Government and Public Administration, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
3
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao 999078, China
4
School of Politics and Public Administration, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gian Maria Galeazzi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111155
Received: 19 September 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 22 October 2021 / Published: 24 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Adolescents)
Social distancing restrictions for COVID-19 epidemic prevention have substantially changed the field of youths’ social activities. Many studies have focused on the impact of epidemic-preventative social distancing on individual physical and mental health. However, in the field of social distancing for epidemic prevention, what are the changes in youth anti-epidemic action and states caused by their interpersonal resources and interactions? Responding to this question by studying the impact of the elements of social capital in youths’ anti-epidemic actions and anti-epidemic states could help identify an effective mechanism for balancing social distancing for effective epidemic prevention and sustainable social-participation development among youth. Bourdieu’s field theory holds that the elements of social capital change with a change in the field. Therefore, we introduced the specific elements of social capital as independent variables and used a multinomal logistic model to analyze and predict the levels of youth anti-epidemic action through an empirical investigation of 1043 young people in Guangdong Province, China. The results show that, first, level of social distancing for epidemic prevention shows differences by occupation status and income level and correlates with social support. Second, social support and social norms play positive roles in promoting youth participation in anti-epidemic activities when social distance is certain. Third, social capital has a significant positive effect on youth social satisfaction and core relationships; however, social trust has a significant negative effect on youth physical and mental health. This study emphasized that social distancing for epidemic prevention is a special social situational state, which is a field where social capital has an impact on the differential changes in the public-participating actions and habitus of youth. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-epidemic action; social capital; social distance; field; COVID-19; epidemic; social support; China anti-epidemic action; social capital; social distance; field; COVID-19; epidemic; social support; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, P.; Zeng, D.; Yan, H.; Chan, K.-S.; Yin, Y. The Influence of Social Capital on Youths’ Anti-Epidemic Action in the Field of Epidemic-Preventative Social Distancing in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111155

AMA Style

Guo P, Zeng D, Yan H, Chan K-S, Yin Y. The Influence of Social Capital on Youths’ Anti-Epidemic Action in the Field of Epidemic-Preventative Social Distancing in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111155

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Peiwen, Dong Zeng, Haina Yan, Kin-Sun Chan, and Yifen Yin. 2021. "The Influence of Social Capital on Youths’ Anti-Epidemic Action in the Field of Epidemic-Preventative Social Distancing in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11155. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111155

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