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Review

Prevalence of Anxiety in Dental Students during the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Microbiology, Pediatrics, Radiology and Public Health, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Ministry of Science and Innovation, 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Aragonese Institute of Health Sciences (IIS Aragón), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain
5
Psychiatry Service, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10978; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010978
Received: 12 September 2021 / Revised: 10 October 2021 / Accepted: 16 October 2021 / Published: 19 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health, Dental Practice and COVID-19)
Background: Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the psychological state of university students has been a cause for concern. In particular, odontology students have experienced symptoms of anxiety due to the closure of universities and the suspension of clinical training. Methods: Medline via PubMed was searched for studies on the prevalence of anxiety in dental undergraduates, published from 1 December 2019 to 1 August 2021. Results: A total of fifteen studies were included in this review. Our results show a prevalence of anxiety of 35% reported by dental students, which was independent of gender, response rate or methodological quality. The only significant finding was a lower prevalence of anxiety in studies located in Europe compared to those located in other continents. Conclusions: The results suggest dental students are experiencing significant levels of anxiety during this COVID-19 pandemic and that there seem to be differences between students from different regions of the world. Therefore, it is important to help dental students psychologically as the pandemic situation continues. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; dental students; gender; countries; meta-analysis; COVID-19 anxiety; dental students; gender; countries; meta-analysis; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santabarbara, J.; Idoiaga, N.; Ozamiz-Etxebarria, N.; Bueno-Notivol, J. Prevalence of Anxiety in Dental Students during the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010978

AMA Style

Santabarbara J, Idoiaga N, Ozamiz-Etxebarria N, Bueno-Notivol J. Prevalence of Anxiety in Dental Students during the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010978

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santabarbara, Javier, Nahia Idoiaga, Naiara Ozamiz-Etxebarria, and Juan Bueno-Notivol. 2021. "Prevalence of Anxiety in Dental Students during the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10978. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010978

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