Next Article in Journal
Factors Influencing Retirement Decisions among Blue-Collar Workers in a Global Manufacturing Company—Implications for Age Management from A System Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Psychotherapeutic Interventions to Improve Psychological Adjustment in Type 1 Diabetes: A Systematic Review
Article

The Relationships between Perceived Design Intensity, Preference, Restorativeness and Eye Movements in Designed Urban Green Space

1
College of Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350000, China
2
Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College, Zhangzhou 363105, China
3
College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350000, China
4
College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10944; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010944
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 12 October 2021 / Accepted: 13 October 2021 / Published: 18 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Earth Science and Medical Geology)
Recent research has demonstrated that landscape design intensity impacts individuals’ landscape preferences, which may influence their eye movement. Due to the close relationship between restorativeness and landscape preference, we further explore the relationships between design intensity, preference, restorativeness and eye movements. Specifically, using manipulated images as stimuli for 200 students as participants, the effect of urban green space (UGS) design intensity on landscapes’ preference, restorativeness, and eye movement was examined. The results demonstrate that landscape design intensity could contribute to preference and restorativeness and that there is a significant positive relationship between design intensity and eye-tracking metrics, including dwell time percent, fixation percent, fixation count, and visited ranking. Additionally, preference was positively related to restorativeness, dwell time percent, fixation percent, and fixation count, and there is a significant positive relationship between restorativeness and fixation percent. We obtained the most feasible regression equations between design intensity and preference, restorativeness, and eye movement. These results provide a set of guidelines for improving UGS design to achieve its greatest restorative potential and shed new light on the use of eye-tracking technology in landscape perception studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban green space; design intensity; restorativeness; preference; eye-tracking urban green space; design intensity; restorativeness; preference; eye-tracking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.; Zhuo, Z.; Liu, Q.; Yu, K.; Huang, Q.; Liu, J. The Relationships between Perceived Design Intensity, Preference, Restorativeness and Eye Movements in Designed Urban Green Space. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010944

AMA Style

Wu Y, Zhuo Z, Liu Q, Yu K, Huang Q, Liu J. The Relationships between Perceived Design Intensity, Preference, Restorativeness and Eye Movements in Designed Urban Green Space. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010944

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Yu, Zhixiong Zhuo, Qunyue Liu, Kunyong Yu, Qitang Huang, and Jian Liu. 2021. "The Relationships between Perceived Design Intensity, Preference, Restorativeness and Eye Movements in Designed Urban Green Space" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010944

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop