Next Article in Journal
Potential Implications of Mammalian Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 in the Pathophysiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Diagnostic Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Sagittal Cervical Spine Alignment: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Previous Article in Journal
Predictors of Caregiver Burden of Patients with Alzheimer Disease Attending Day-Care Centres
Previous Article in Special Issue
Pain Rehabilitation’s Effect on People in Chronic Pain: A Prospective Cohort Study
 
 
Study Protocol

Effects of Global Postural Reeducation versus Specific Therapeutic Neck Exercises on Pain, Disability, Postural Control, and Neuromuscular Efficiency in Women with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Parallel, Clinical Trial

1
Centro EMA, 6300-537 Guarda, Portugal
2
Doctoral Programme in Health, Disability, Dependency and Welfare, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
3
Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy, University of Salamanca, C/Donante de Sangre s/n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
4
Institute of Biomedical Research of Salamanca (IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain
5
Physiotherapy Unit, Universitary Hospital of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
6
Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, 6300-559 Guarda, Portugal
7
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo, Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca and Inmaculada Riquelme
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10704; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010704
Received: 17 August 2021 / Revised: 2 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 12 October 2021
Background: Chronic nonspecific neck pain is the most frequent form of neck pain. It is more prevalent in women, and a costly public health issue. It is commonly associated with biomechanical, functional, proprioceptive, and postural impairments. The aim of this trial is to compare the effects of global postural exercises versus specific therapeutic exercises on neck pain, disability, mobility, pressure pain threshold, kinesiophobia, pain catastrophizing, postural control, and neuromuscular efficiency in women with chronic nonspecific neck pain. Methods and analysis: This study is a randomized, parallel-group and single blinded clinical trial. Sixty-two women with nonspecific chronic neck pain were recruited from the community of Guarda, Portugal, and randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups: (1) global postural reeducation (GPR group), (2) specific therapeutic exercises (STE group). The intervention was carried out over 4 weeks, with two sessions per week (eight sessions), and applied by a physiotherapist and paired with a daily individual at-home-exercise program. Primary outcomes are neck pain intensity and disability (Numerical Pain Rating Scale, Neck Disability Index). Secondary outcomes are cervical mobility and pressure pain threshold (CROM, algometry), attitude to pain (kinesiophobia, pain catastrophizing), standing postural control (Center of Pressure (COP) displacements), and neuromuscular efficiency (electromyography). There are four points of evaluation where the outcomes were assessed twice before the intervention, 1 week apart, and the two post-intervention assessments will be carried out after four and eight sessions. The objective was to increase scientific knowledge of different exercise modalities, such as global postural reeducation, in musculoskeletal disorders. Trial registration: ClínicalTrials.gov (NCT04402463), prospectively registered (data 22 May 2020). View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic neck pain; postural exercise; therapeutic exercise; global postural reeducation; disability; electromyography; postural control; neuromuscular efficiency chronic neck pain; postural exercise; therapeutic exercise; global postural reeducation; disability; electromyography; postural control; neuromuscular efficiency
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mendes-Fernandes, T.; Puente-González, A.S.; Márquez-Vera, M.A.; Vila-Chã, C.; Méndez-Sánchez, R. Effects of Global Postural Reeducation versus Specific Therapeutic Neck Exercises on Pain, Disability, Postural Control, and Neuromuscular Efficiency in Women with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Parallel, Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10704. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010704

AMA Style

Mendes-Fernandes T, Puente-González AS, Márquez-Vera MA, Vila-Chã C, Méndez-Sánchez R. Effects of Global Postural Reeducation versus Specific Therapeutic Neck Exercises on Pain, Disability, Postural Control, and Neuromuscular Efficiency in Women with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Parallel, Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10704. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010704

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mendes-Fernandes, Tânia, Ana Silvia Puente-González, Manuel Antonio Márquez-Vera, Carolina Vila-Chã, and Roberto Méndez-Sánchez. 2021. "Effects of Global Postural Reeducation versus Specific Therapeutic Neck Exercises on Pain, Disability, Postural Control, and Neuromuscular Efficiency in Women with Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Parallel, Clinical Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10704. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010704

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop