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Systematic Review

Environmental and Occupational Short-Term Exposure to Airborne Particles and FEV1 and FVC in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, 2375 Chem. de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, QC H3T 1A8, Canada
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Centre for Public Health Research (CReSP), 7101 Av du Parc, Montreal, QC H3N 1X9, Canada
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Institut National de Sante Publique du Québec (INSPQ), 190 Boul Crémazie E, Montreal, QC H2P 1E2, Canada
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Research Institute of the McGill University Health Center, 2155 Rue Guy, Montreal, QC H3H 2L9, Canada
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Centre de Recherche de l’Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal (CRHSCM), 5400 Boul Gouin O, Montreal, QC H4J 1C5, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yu-Hsiang Cheng, Elisabete Carolino and Chi-Chi Lin
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10571; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010571
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 2 October 2021 / Accepted: 4 October 2021 / Published: 9 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Air Pollution and Occupational Exposure)
Background: No study has compared the respiratory effects of environmental and occupational particulate exposure in healthy adults. Methods: We estimated, by a systematic review and meta-analysis, the associations between short term exposures to fine particles (PM2.5 and PM4) and certain parameters of lung function (FEV1 and FVC) in healthy adults. Results: In total, 33 and 14 studies were included in the qualitative synthesis and meta-analyses, respectively. In environmental studies, a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 was associated with an FEV1 reduction of 7.63 mL (95% CI: −10.62 to −4.63 mL). In occupational studies, an increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM4 was associated with an FEV1 reduction of 0.87 mL (95% CI: −1.36 to −0.37 mL). Similar results were observed with FVC. Conclusions: Both occupational and environmental short-term exposures to fine particles are associated with reductions in FEV1 and FVC in healthy adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; lung function; healthy adults; short-term; occupational exposures; environmental exposures particulate matter; lung function; healthy adults; short-term; occupational exposures; environmental exposures
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MDPI and ACS Style

da Silveira Fleck, A.; Sadoine, M.L.; Buteau, S.; Suarthana, E.; Debia, M.; Smargiassi, A. Environmental and Occupational Short-Term Exposure to Airborne Particles and FEV1 and FVC in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010571

AMA Style

da Silveira Fleck A, Sadoine ML, Buteau S, Suarthana E, Debia M, Smargiassi A. Environmental and Occupational Short-Term Exposure to Airborne Particles and FEV1 and FVC in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010571

Chicago/Turabian Style

da Silveira Fleck, Alan, Margaux L. Sadoine, Stéphane Buteau, Eva Suarthana, Maximilien Debia, and Audrey Smargiassi. 2021. "Environmental and Occupational Short-Term Exposure to Airborne Particles and FEV1 and FVC in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10571. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010571

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