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Article

Impact of Real and Simulated Flights on Psychophysiological Response of Military Pilots

1
Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, Avda. Universidad S/N, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
2
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
3
Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad, Universidad de la Costa, 080002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Base Aérea Talavera la Real, ALA-23 Grupo Fuerza Aérea, 06071 Talavera la Real, Spain
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Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group (AFYCAV), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 787; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020787
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 16 January 2021 / Published: 18 January 2021
Objective: The present research aimed to analyse the autonomic, anxiety, perceived exertion, and self-confidence response during real and simulated flights. Methods: This cross-sectional study participated 12 experienced male pilots (age = 33.08 (5.21)) from the Spanish Air Force. Participants had to complete a real and a simulated flight mission randomly. The heart rate variability (HRV), anxiety, self-confidence, and rating of perceived exertion were collected before and after both manoeuvres, and HRV was also collected during both simulated and real flights. Results: When studying the acute effects of real and simulated flights, the mean heart rate, the R-to-R interval, the cognitive anxiety and the perceived exertion were significantly impacted only by real flights. Furthermore, significant differences in the mean heart rate and RR interval were found when compared to the acute effects of real and simulated flights (with higher acute effects observed in real flights). Additionally, when compared the HRV values during simulated and real flights, significant differences were observed in the RR and heart rate mean (with lower RR interval and higher heart rate mean observed during real flights). Conclusion: Real flights significantly reduced the RR interval and cognitive anxiety while increased the heart rate mean and the rating of perceived exertion, whereas simulated flights did not induce any significant change in the autonomic modulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: HRV; army; simulator; flight; anxiety; perceived exertion HRV; army; simulator; flight; anxiety; perceived exertion
MDPI and ACS Style

Fuentes-García, J.P.; Clemente-Suárez, V.J.; Marazuela-Martínez, M.Á.; Tornero-Aguilera, J.F.; Villafaina, S. Impact of Real and Simulated Flights on Psychophysiological Response of Military Pilots. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020787

AMA Style

Fuentes-García JP, Clemente-Suárez VJ, Marazuela-Martínez MÁ, Tornero-Aguilera JF, Villafaina S. Impact of Real and Simulated Flights on Psychophysiological Response of Military Pilots. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020787

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuentes-García, Juan P., Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez, Miguel Á. Marazuela-Martínez, José F. Tornero-Aguilera, and Santos Villafaina. 2021. "Impact of Real and Simulated Flights on Psychophysiological Response of Military Pilots" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 787. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020787

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