Next Article in Journal
The Effects of an Artificial Garden on Heart Rate Variability among Healthy Young Japanese Adults
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Real and Simulated Flights on Psychophysiological Response of Military Pilots
Previous Article in Journal
Parental Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Children’s Nutrition and the Potential Mediator Effect between the Health Promotion Program “Join the Healthy Boat” and Children’s Nutrition
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Eccentric Single-Leg Decline Squat Exercise on the Morphological and Structural Properties of the Vastus Lateralis and Patellar Tendon
Article

Body Composition in International Sprint Swimmers: Are There Any Relations with Performance?

1
Institute of Sport, Tourism and Service, South Ural State University, 454080 Chelyabinsk, Russia
2
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade, Blagoja Parovića ul. 156, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Faculty of Sports Biomedicine, Lithuanian Sports University, Sporto str. 6, LT-44221 Kaunas, Lithuania
4
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova ul. 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5
ADN Swim Project, 81100 Caserta, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9464; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249464
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 13 December 2020 / Accepted: 14 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
The paper addresses relations between the characteristics of body composition in international sprint swimmers and sprint performance. The research included 82 swimmers of international level (N = 46 male and N = 36 female athletes) from 8 countries. We measured body composition using multifrequency bioelectrical impedance methods with “InBody 720” device. In the case of male swimmers, it was established that the most important statistically significant correlation with sprint performance is seen in variables, which define the quantitative relationship between their fat and muscle with the contractile potential of the body (Protein-Fat Index, r = 0.392, p = 0.007; Index of Body Composition, r = 0.392, p = 0.007; Percent of Skeletal Muscle Mass, r = 0.392, p = 0.016). In the case of female athletes, statistically significant relations with sprint performance were established for variables that define the absolute and relative amount of a contractile component in the body, but also with the variables that define the structure of body fat characteristics (Percent of Skeletal Muscle Mass, r = 0.732, p = 0.000; Free Fat Mass, r = 0.702, p = 0.000; Fat Mass Index, r = −0.642, p = 0.000; Percent of Body Fat, r = −0.621, p = 0.000). Using Multiple Regression Analysis, we managed to predict swimming performance of sprint swimmers with the help of body composition variables, where the models defined explained 35.1 and 75.1% of the mutual variability of performance, for male and female swimmers, respectively. This data clearly demonstrate the importance of body composition control in sprint swimmers as a valuable method for monitoring the efficiency of body adaptation to training process in order to optimize competitive performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: sprint swimmers; body composition; results prediction; body fat; skeletal muscle mass sprint swimmers; body composition; results prediction; body fat; skeletal muscle mass
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dopsaj, M.; Zuoziene, I.J.; Milić, R.; Cherepov, E.; Erlikh, V.; Masiulis, N.; di Nino, A.; Vodičar, J. Body Composition in International Sprint Swimmers: Are There Any Relations with Performance? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249464

AMA Style

Dopsaj M, Zuoziene IJ, Milić R, Cherepov E, Erlikh V, Masiulis N, di Nino A, Vodičar J. Body Composition in International Sprint Swimmers: Are There Any Relations with Performance? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249464

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dopsaj, Milivoj, Ilona J. Zuoziene, Radoje Milić, Evgeni Cherepov, Vadim Erlikh, Nerijus Masiulis, Andrea di Nino, and Janez Vodičar. 2020. "Body Composition in International Sprint Swimmers: Are There Any Relations with Performance?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9464. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249464

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop