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Review

Occupational Therapy and the Use of Technology on Older Adult Fall Prevention: A Scoping Review

1
CITIC (Centre for Information and Communications Technology Research), TALIONIS Group, Elviña Campus, University of A Coruna, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Oza Campus, University of A Coruna, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 702; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020702
Received: 12 November 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ageing in Place for People with Disabilities)
Introduction: Falls are the second leading cause of accidental or non-intentional deaths worldwide and are the most common problem as people age. The primary purpose of addressing falls is to detect, prevent, treat, and reduce their incidence and consequences. Previous studies identified that multifactorial programs, an interprofessional team, and assistive technology are required to address falls in older adults effectively. Accordingly, the research question is as follows: what are the scope, type of studies, and approaches and strategies to fall risk using technology in the existing occupational therapy literature regarding interventions to address the effects of falls in older adults on daily living? Methods: This scoping review was carried out in January 2020 through Biblioteca Virtual de Salud España, C.I.N.A.H.L., Cochrane Plus, OTSeeker, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Results: Twelve papers were included. We analyzed the year and journal of publication, authors’ affiliation, and design of the study, and thematic categories. There were three themes: participants’ characteristics, type of intervention, and fall approach and type of technology used. Discussion and Conclusions: The literature obtained is scarce. It is considered to still be an emerging theme, especially when considering the use of technology for occupational therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: older adults; falls; occupation; occupational therapy; scoping review; smart home technology; telehealth; exergames; 3D-application tool older adults; falls; occupation; occupational therapy; scoping review; smart home technology; telehealth; exergames; 3D-application tool
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miranda-Duro, M.d.C.; Nieto-Riveiro, L.; Concheiro-Moscoso, P.; Groba, B.; Pousada, T.; Canosa, N.; Pereira, J. Occupational Therapy and the Use of Technology on Older Adult Fall Prevention: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020702

AMA Style

Miranda-Duro MdC, Nieto-Riveiro L, Concheiro-Moscoso P, Groba B, Pousada T, Canosa N, Pereira J. Occupational Therapy and the Use of Technology on Older Adult Fall Prevention: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020702

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miranda-Duro, María d.C., Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Patricia Concheiro-Moscoso, Betania Groba, Thais Pousada, Nereida Canosa, and Javier Pereira. 2021. "Occupational Therapy and the Use of Technology on Older Adult Fall Prevention: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 702. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020702

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