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Article

A Sequential Path Model Testing: Emotional Intelligence, Resilient Coping and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms during Unemployment

1
Department of Social Psychology, Social Work, Social Anthropology and East Asian Studies, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
2
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, University of Málaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 697; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020697
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Survey about Psychological Health)
The unemployment rate has dramatically increased in southern Europe in the last decade. Although it is well-known that unemployment impairs mental health, the specific roles of personal resources like emotional intelligence (EI) and potential underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Prior studies have shown that resilience and self-esteem are mediators in the link between EI and mental health. The present study aims to bridge these gaps by testing a sequential path model. Specifically, we propose that EI is associated with lower depressive symptoms, which is explained by higher resilient coping strategies and a resulting increased self-esteem among unemployed individuals. A sample of Spanish unemployed persons completed measures of EI, resilience, self-esteem and depression. The results showed that higher levels of EI were positively associated with resilience and self-esteem and negatively related to depressive symptoms. Path analyses showed that resilience and self-esteem mediated the relation between EI and depression in sequence. These findings suggest that EI plays a key role in promoting mental health and provide preliminary evidence regarding potential mechanisms through which EI contributes to mental health during unemployment. Implications for assessing the absence of these positive resources in developing effective job search programs geared toward promoting mental health and re-employment are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: unemployment; emotional intelligence; resilience; self-esteem; depression unemployment; emotional intelligence; resilience; self-esteem; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peláez-Fernández, M.A.; Rey, L.; Extremera, N. A Sequential Path Model Testing: Emotional Intelligence, Resilient Coping and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms during Unemployment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020697

AMA Style

Peláez-Fernández MA, Rey L, Extremera N. A Sequential Path Model Testing: Emotional Intelligence, Resilient Coping and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms during Unemployment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020697

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peláez-Fernández, María A., Lourdes Rey, and Natalio Extremera. 2021. "A Sequential Path Model Testing: Emotional Intelligence, Resilient Coping and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms during Unemployment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020697

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