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Review

More Is Not Enough: A Deeper Understanding of the COVID-19 Impacts on Healthcare, Energy and Environment Is Crucial

1
Department of Systems Science, Institute of High Performance Computing (IHPC), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 138632, Singapore
2
Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory—SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology—VUT Brno, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Department of Endocrinology, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), Singapore 169608, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 684; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020684
Received: 23 November 2020 / Revised: 26 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthcare Circular Economy: Opportunities and Challenges)
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has magnified the insufficient readiness of humans in dealing with such an unexpected occurrence. During the pandemic, sustainable development goals have been hindered severely. Various observations and lessons have been highlighted to emphasise local impacts on a single region or single sector, whilst the holistic and coupling impacts are rarely investigated. This study overviews the structural changes and spatial heterogeneities of changes in healthcare, energy and environment, and offers perspectives for the in-depth understanding of the COVID-19 impacts on the three sectors, in particular the cross-sections of them. Practical observations are summarised through the broad overview. A novel concept of the healthcare–energy–environment nexus under climate change constraints is proposed and discussed, to illustrate the relationships amongst the three sectors and further analyse the dynamics of the attention to healthcare, energy and environment in view of decision-makers. The society is still on the way to understanding the impacts of the whole episode of COVID-19 on healthcare, energy, environment and beyond. The raised nexus thinking could contribute to understanding the complicated COVID-19 impacts and guiding sustainable future planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 impacts; co-epidemics; healthcare–energy–environment nexus; climate footprint; sustainable development; interdisciplinary analysis COVID-19 impacts; co-epidemics; healthcare–energy–environment nexus; climate footprint; sustainable development; interdisciplinary analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, P.; Klemeš, J.J.; Fan, Y.V.; Fu, X.; Bee, Y.M. More Is Not Enough: A Deeper Understanding of the COVID-19 Impacts on Healthcare, Energy and Environment Is Crucial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 684. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020684

AMA Style

Jiang P, Klemeš JJ, Fan YV, Fu X, Bee YM. More Is Not Enough: A Deeper Understanding of the COVID-19 Impacts on Healthcare, Energy and Environment Is Crucial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):684. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020684

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiang, Peng, Jiří J. Klemeš, Yee V. Fan, Xiuju Fu, and Yong M. Bee. 2021. "More Is Not Enough: A Deeper Understanding of the COVID-19 Impacts on Healthcare, Energy and Environment Is Crucial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 684. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020684

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