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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Eight-Week Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic Performance of Elite Badminton Players

1
China Institute of Sport and Health Science, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Sports Coaching College, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
3
AI Sports Engineering Lab, School of Sports Engineering, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 638; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020638
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 27 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Training Methods to Improve Sports Performance and Health)
This study was aimed to: (1) investigate the effects of physiological functions of sprint interval training (SIT) on the aerobic capacity of elite badminton players; and (2) explore the potential mechanisms of oxygen uptake, transport and recovery within the process. Thirty-two elite badminton players volunteered to participate and were randomly divided into experimental (Male-SIT and Female-SIT group) and control groups (Male-CON and Female-CON) within each gender. During a total of eight weeks, SIT group performed three times of SIT training per week, including two power bike trainings and one multi-ball training, while the CON group undertook two Fartlek runs and one regular multi-ball training. The distance of YO-YO IR2 test (which evaluates player’s ability to recover between high intensity intermittent exercises) for Male-SIT and Female-SIT groups increased from 1083.0 ± 205.8 m to 1217.5 ± 190.5 m, and from 725 ± 132.9 m to 840 ± 126.5 m (p < 0.05), respectively, which were significantly higher than both CON groups (p < 0.05). For the Male-SIT group, the ventilatory anaerobic threshold and ventilatory anaerobic threshold in percentage of VO2max significantly increased from 3088.4 ± 450.9 mL/min to 3665.3 ± 263.5 mL/min (p < 0.05),and from 74 ± 10% to 85 ± 3% (p < 0.05) after the intervention, and the increases were significantly higher than the Male-CON group (p < 0.05); for the Female-SIT group, the ventilatory anaerobic threshold and ventilatory anaerobic threshold in percentage of VO2max were significantly elevated from 1940.1 ± 112.8 mL/min to 2176.9 ± 78.6 mL/min, and from 75 ± 4% to 82 ± 4% (p < 0.05) after the intervention, which also were significantly higher than those of the Female-CON group (p < 0.05). Finally, the lactate clearance rate was raised from 13 ± 3% to 21 ± 4% (p < 0.05) and from 21 ± 5% to 27 ± 4% for both Male-SIT and Female-SIT groups when compared to the pre-test, and this increase was significantly higher than the control groups (p < 0.05). As a training method, SIT could substantially improve maximum aerobic capacity and aerobic recovery ability by improving the oxygen uptake and delivery, thus enhancing their rapid repeated sprinting ability. View Full-Text
Keywords: interval training; badminton; aerobic; repeated sprint; testing interval training; badminton; aerobic; repeated sprint; testing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.; Leng, B.; Li, Q.; Liu, Y.; Bao, D.; Cui, Y. The Effect of Eight-Week Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic Performance of Elite Badminton Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 638.

AMA Style

Liu H, Leng B, Li Q, Liu Y, Bao D, Cui Y. The Effect of Eight-Week Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic Performance of Elite Badminton Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):638.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Haochong; Leng, Bo; Li, Qian; Liu, Ye; Bao, Dapeng; Cui, Yixiong. 2021. "The Effect of Eight-Week Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic Performance of Elite Badminton Players" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 638.

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