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Open AccessArticle

The Perceived Impact of COVID-19 among Treatment-Seeking Smokers: A Mixed Methods Approach

1
Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2
Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
3
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 505; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020505
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 4 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking, Vaping and COVID-19)
The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on behavioral health, including tobacco use, are not fully known. The current study sought to measure the perceived impact of COVID-19 and the resulting stay-at-home orders in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Buffalo, New York on smokers enrolled in four smoking cessation trials between March 2020 and July 2020. The survey collected quantitative data regarding life changes due to COVID-19, health/exposure status, and the impact on their cessation attempt (e.g., motivation to quit, change in triggers). The questionnaire collected qualitative data to better understand how such changes could explain changes in smoking behavior. Of the 42 participants surveyed, approximately half indicated that COVID-19 changed their motivation and ability to quit or remain quit. Among those who reported that it was easier to quit following the stay-at-home orders (n = 24), most attributed this to concerns regarding the severity of COVID-19 among smokers. Among those who reported more difficulty quitting (n = 15), most attributed this to their increased stress due to the pandemic and the inability to access activities, places, or people that could help them manage triggers. Given public health warnings of continued surges in COVID-19, these data provide insight into who may benefit from further smoking cessation support should existing restrictions or new stay-at-home orders be enacted. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation; tobacco use; theory of planned behavior; COVID-19; coronavirus smoking cessation; tobacco use; theory of planned behavior; COVID-19; coronavirus
MDPI and ACS Style

Rosoff-Verbit, Z.; Logue-Chamberlain, E.; Fishman, J.; Audrain-McGovern, J.; Hawk, L.; Mahoney, M.; Mazur, A.; Ashare, R. The Perceived Impact of COVID-19 among Treatment-Seeking Smokers: A Mixed Methods Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020505

AMA Style

Rosoff-Verbit Z, Logue-Chamberlain E, Fishman J, Audrain-McGovern J, Hawk L, Mahoney M, Mazur A, Ashare R. The Perceived Impact of COVID-19 among Treatment-Seeking Smokers: A Mixed Methods Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020505

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosoff-Verbit, Zoe; Logue-Chamberlain, Erin; Fishman, Jessica; Audrain-McGovern, Janet; Hawk, Larry; Mahoney, Martin; Mazur, Alexa; Ashare, Rebecca. 2021. "The Perceived Impact of COVID-19 among Treatment-Seeking Smokers: A Mixed Methods Approach" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 505. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020505

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