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Review

A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review of the Impacts of Coronavirus on Society and Culture

1
Department of Anthropology, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
2
Center for the Arts and Humanities, Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041, USA
3
Department of Health Administration, Dankook University, 119, Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 31116, Korea
4
Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 491; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020491
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 6 January 2021 / Published: 9 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiological, Mitigation and Economic Impact of Zoonoses)
Little is understood of the social and cultural effects of coronaviruses such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV). This systematic review aims to synthesize existing findings (both qualitative and quantitative) that focus on the social and cultural impacts of coronaviruses in order to gain a better understanding of the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizing a predetermined search strategy, we searched CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science to identify existing (qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods) studies pertaining to the coronavirus infections and their intersection with societies and cultures. A narrative synthesis approach was applied to summarize and interpret findings of the study. Stemming from SARS outbreak in 2003, qualitative and quantitative findings (twelve adopted quantitative methods and eight exclusively used qualitative methods) were organized under five topical domains: governance, crisis communication and public knowledge, stigma and discrimination, social compliance of preventive measures, and the social experience of health workers. The selected studies suggest that current societies are not equipped for effective coronavirus response and control. This mixed-methods systematic review demonstrates that the effects of coronaviruses on a society can be debilitating. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; discrimination; stigma; culture; society COVID-19; discrimination; stigma; culture; society
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, Y.J.; Park, Y.S.; Keller, A.; Noh, J.-W.; Cha, J. A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review of the Impacts of Coronavirus on Society and Culture. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020491

AMA Style

Yu YJ, Park YS, Keller A, Noh J-W, Cha J. A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review of the Impacts of Coronavirus on Society and Culture. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020491

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Yeon J., Young S. Park, Alison Keller, Jin-Won Noh, and Jiho Cha. 2021. "A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review of the Impacts of Coronavirus on Society and Culture" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 2: 491. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020491

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