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Impact of COVID-19 Confinement on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Spanish University Students: Role of Gender

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AgeingOn Research Group, Department of Physiology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 48940 Leioa, Spain
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GENUD Toledo Research Group, Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
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CIBER of Frailty and Healthy Aging (CIBERFES), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Health Sciences, Institute for Innovation & Sustainable Development in Food Chain (IS-FOOD), Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdisNA), Public University of Navarra, Campus de Arrosadía, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
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Department of Health and Human Performance, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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PAFS Research Group, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45071 Toledo, Spain
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Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
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Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
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Sports Research Centre, Department of Sport Sciences, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, 03202 Elche, Spain
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Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Cantabria, 39011 Santander, Spain
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Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Seville, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
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GALENO Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cadiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
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Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cadiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, 11009 Cádiz, Spain
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Freshage Research Group, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
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CIBERFES, Fundación Investigación Hospital Clínico Universitario/INCLIVA, 46010 Valencia, Spain
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Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, 24071 León, Spain
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Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, Fundamental Biology and Health Sciences, University of the Balearic Islands, IDISBA & CIBEROBN, 07122 Palma, Spain
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Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Body Expression, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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LIFE Research Group, Department of Education and Specific Didactics, University Jaume I, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
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PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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MOVE-IT Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
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Department of Physiatry and Nursing, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(2), 369; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020369
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 31 December 2020 / Accepted: 2 January 2021 / Published: 6 January 2021
During the COVID-19 pandemic, entire populations were instructed to live in home-confinement to prevent the expansion of the disease. Spain was one of the countries with the strictest conditions, as outdoor physical activity was banned for nearly two months. This study aimed to analyse the changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviours in Spanish university students before and during the confinement by COVID-19 with special focus on gender. We also analysed enjoyment, the tools used and motivation and impediments for doing physical activity. An online questionnaire, which included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form and certain “ad hoc” questions, was designed. Students were recruited by distributing an invitation through the administrative channels of 16 universities and a total of 13,754 valid surveys were collected. Overall, university students reduced moderate (−29.5%) and vigorous (−18.3%) physical activity during the confinement and increased sedentary time (+52.7%). However, they spent more time on high intensity interval training (HIIT) (+18.2%) and mind-body activities (e.g., yoga) (+80.0%). Adaptation to the confinement, in terms of physical activity, was handled better by women than by men. These results will help design strategies for each gender to promote physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour during confinement periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: pandemic; international physical activity questionnaire; physical exercise; lockdown pandemic; international physical activity questionnaire; physical exercise; lockdown
MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Larrad, A.; Mañas, A.; Labayen, I.; González-Gross, M.; Espin, A.; Aznar, S.; Serrano-Sánchez, J.A.; Vera-Garcia, F.J.; González-Lamuño, D.; Ara, I.; Carrasco-Páez, L.; Castro-Piñero, J.; Gómez-Cabrera, M.C.; Márquez, S.; Tur, J.A.; Gusi, N.; Benito, P.J.; Moliner-Urdiales, D.; Ruiz, J.R.; Ortega, F.B.; Jiménez-Pavón, D.; Casajús, J.A.; Irazusta, J. Impact of COVID-19 Confinement on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Spanish University Students: Role of Gender. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 369.

AMA Style

Rodríguez-Larrad A, Mañas A, Labayen I, González-Gross M, Espin A, Aznar S, Serrano-Sánchez JA, Vera-Garcia FJ, González-Lamuño D, Ara I, Carrasco-Páez L, Castro-Piñero J, Gómez-Cabrera MC, Márquez S, Tur JA, Gusi N, Benito PJ, Moliner-Urdiales D, Ruiz JR, Ortega FB, Jiménez-Pavón D, Casajús JA, Irazusta J. Impact of COVID-19 Confinement on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Spanish University Students: Role of Gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(2):369.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez-Larrad, Ana; Mañas, Asier; Labayen, Idoia; González-Gross, Marcela; Espin, Ander; Aznar, Susana; Serrano-Sánchez, José A.; Vera-Garcia, Francisco J.; González-Lamuño, Domingo; Ara, Ignacio; Carrasco-Páez, Luis; Castro-Piñero, José; Gómez-Cabrera, Mari C.; Márquez, Sara; Tur, Josep A.; Gusi, Narcis; Benito, Pedro J.; Moliner-Urdiales, Diego; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Ortega, Francisco B.; Jiménez-Pavón, David; Casajús, José A.; Irazusta, Jon. 2021. "Impact of COVID-19 Confinement on Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Spanish University Students: Role of Gender" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 2: 369.

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