Next Article in Journal
A Study of Major and Minor Complications of 1500 Transvenous Lead Extraction Procedures Performed with Optimal Safety at Two High-Volume Referral Centers
Previous Article in Journal
Association between Soft-Drink Intake and Obesity, Depression, and Subjective Health Status of Male and Female Adults
Article

Spatiotemporal Difference Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Tourism Urbanization in China’s Major Tourist Cities

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,3,*
1
Key Laboratory for Sustainable Development of Xinjiang’s Historical and Cultural Tourism, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
2
College of Tourism, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
3
School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10414; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910414
Received: 27 August 2021 / Revised: 25 September 2021 / Accepted: 29 September 2021 / Published: 3 October 2021
Tourism is crucial for promoting industrial development and is an important driver of China’s new type of urbanization. A tourism urbanization index system was constructed in three dimensions: the tourism industry, urbanization, and the ecological environment. The spatial–temporal differentiation characteristics and influencing factors of tourism urbanization in 35 major tourist cities in China from 2009 to 2018 were analyzed using the state space method, standard deviation ellipse, and spatial autocorrelation analysis. The results show the following. (1) Over time, the tourism industry index displays an upward trend, the urbanization index exhibits a more obvious upward trend, and the ecological environment index fluctuates strongly. Under the influence of all three factors, the tourism urbanization index shows a fluctuating rising trend. (2) Regarding the spatial distribution pattern, the development center of tourism urbanization shifts to the southeast, and the distribution direction is northeast-southwest. There is a significant agglomeration in global spatial autocorrelation. The local spatial correlation pattern is dominated by correlation characteristics and supplemented by different characteristics. (3) In terms of influencing factors, policy and regional development strategy, tourism resource endowment, economic development level, and traffic conditions are listed in descending order of influencing degree. Finally, we put forward some suggestions. View Full-Text
Keywords: tourism urbanization; state space method; panel data model; major tourist cities in China tourism urbanization; state space method; panel data model; major tourist cities in China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, X.; Zhang, L.; Sun, H.; Chen, F.; Zhou, C. Spatiotemporal Difference Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Tourism Urbanization in China’s Major Tourist Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910414

AMA Style

Xie X, Zhang L, Sun H, Chen F, Zhou C. Spatiotemporal Difference Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Tourism Urbanization in China’s Major Tourist Cities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910414

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xie, Xia, Lei Zhang, Hui Sun, Feifei Chen, and Chunshan Zhou. 2021. "Spatiotemporal Difference Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Tourism Urbanization in China’s Major Tourist Cities" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910414

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop