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Article

Impact of Synchronous Online Physical Education Classes Using Tabata Training on Adolescents during COVID-19: A Randomized Controlled Study

1
Department of Physical Education, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
2
Department of Kinesiology, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
3
Sports Medicine Major, Division of Sports, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju 27469, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jennifer L. Scheid
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10305; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910305
Received: 30 August 2021 / Revised: 17 September 2021 / Accepted: 24 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity during the COVID-19 Pandemic)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of online physical education classes, using Tabata training, on middle school students’ physical fitness. Fifty-four adolescents were randomly assigned to either the asynchronous online class group (AOCG, n = 24, age: 15.8 ± 0.4 years) or the synchronous online class group (SOCG, n = 24 age: 15.9 ± 0.3 years). The online physical education class lasted two days per week for 10 weeks. Recorded video lectures were conducted for the AOCG, and Tabata training for the SOCG, as real-time lecture methods. Baseline and post-online physical education class measures included muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, balance, and cardiorespiratory fitness tests. The results showed that the synchronous online physical education class had a positive effect on the improvement of muscle mass, ankle strength (dorsiflexion), hip strength (abduction, flexion, extension, and external rotation), knee strength (extension and flexion), and balance (Y-balance test) in adolescents. These findings suggest that the physical fitness of adolescents can be sufficiently improved through appropriate online physical education class methods. Further research should focus on developing and evaluating different types of exercises for synchronous online physical education classes as a precautionary measure for the second wave of COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; COVID-19; synchronous online physical education; Tabata training adolescents; COVID-19; synchronous online physical education; Tabata training
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, K.-J.; Noh, B.; An, K.-O. Impact of Synchronous Online Physical Education Classes Using Tabata Training on Adolescents during COVID-19: A Randomized Controlled Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910305

AMA Style

Lee K-J, Noh B, An K-O. Impact of Synchronous Online Physical Education Classes Using Tabata Training on Adolescents during COVID-19: A Randomized Controlled Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910305

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Kwang-Jin, Byungjoo Noh, and Keun-Ok An. 2021. "Impact of Synchronous Online Physical Education Classes Using Tabata Training on Adolescents during COVID-19: A Randomized Controlled Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910305

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