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Review

Facilitators and Barriers to Physical Activity and Sport Participation Experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Adults: A Mixed Method Review

1
Neuroscience Research Australia, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
2
Wardliparingga Aboriginal Health Equity, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
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Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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School of Public Health, University of Technology, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
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School of Population Health, UNSW Medicine & Health, UNSW Sydney, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
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UNSW Ageing Futures Institute, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
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The Poche Centre for Indigenous Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
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Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
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School of Psychology, UNSW Science, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
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Faculty of Health, Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University Wellington, Wellington 6012, New Zealand
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Faculty of Engineering, Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, UNSW Sydney, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9893; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189893
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 13 September 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 20 September 2021
Physical activity has cultural significance and population health benefits. However, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults may experience challenges in participating in physical activity. This mixed methods systematic review aimed to synthetize existing evidence on facilitators and barriers for physical activity participation experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults in Australia. The Joanna Briggs Institute methodology was used. A systematic search was undertaken of 11 databases and 14 grey literature websites during 2020. The included studies reported physical activity facilitators and barriers experienced by Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander participants aged 18+ years, living in the community. Twenty-seven studies met the inclusion criteria. Sixty-two facilitators were identified: 23 individual, 18 interpersonal, 8 community/environmental and 13 policy/program facilitators. Additionally, 63 barriers were identified: 21 individual, 17 interpersonal, 15 community/environmental and 10 policy/program barriers. Prominent facilitators included support from family, friends, and program staff, and opportunities to connect with community or culture. Prominent barriers included a lack of transport, financial constraints, lack of time, and competing work, family or cultural commitments. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults experience multiple facilitators and barriers to physical activity participation. Strategies to increase participation should seek to enhance facilitators and address barriers, collaboratively with communities, with consideration to the local context. View Full-Text
Keywords: indigenous; first nations; sport; exercise; population health; Australia indigenous; first nations; sport; exercise; population health; Australia
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Allen, B.; Canuto, K.; Evans, J.R.; Lewis, E.; Gwynn, J.; Radford, K.; Delbaere, K.; Richards, J.; Lovell, N.; Dickson, M.; Macniven, R. Facilitators and Barriers to Physical Activity and Sport Participation Experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Adults: A Mixed Method Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189893

AMA Style

Allen B, Canuto K, Evans JR, Lewis E, Gwynn J, Radford K, Delbaere K, Richards J, Lovell N, Dickson M, Macniven R. Facilitators and Barriers to Physical Activity and Sport Participation Experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Adults: A Mixed Method Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189893

Chicago/Turabian Style

Allen, Bridget, Karla Canuto, John R. Evans, Ebony Lewis, Josephine Gwynn, Kylie Radford, Kim Delbaere, Justin Richards, Nigel Lovell, Michelle Dickson, and Rona Macniven. 2021. "Facilitators and Barriers to Physical Activity and Sport Participation Experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Adults: A Mixed Method Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9893. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189893

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