Next Article in Journal
The Importance of Close Follow-Up in Patients with Early-Grade Diabetic Retinopathy: A Taiwan Population-Based Study Grading via Deep Learning Model
Previous Article in Journal
The Mediating Role of Resilience in the Relationship between Perceived Stress and Mental Health
Article

A Study of Environmentally Friendly Menstrual Absorbents in the Context of Social Change for Adolescent Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

1
Abbotsleigh School, Sydney, NSW 2076, Australia
2
School of Social Policy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Layla Ben Ayed, Eleni Golomazou, Panagiotis Karanis, Patrick Scheid, Ourania Tzoraki, Anna Lass and Muhammad Shahid Iqbal
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9766; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189766
Received: 4 August 2021 / Revised: 30 August 2021 / Accepted: 15 September 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Solutions for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene)
Girls in low- and middle-income countries struggle to maintain good menstrual hygiene in part due to a lack of affordable sanitary products. The unaffordability of reliable sanitary products can lead to school absenteeism and is a barrier to education attainment and gender equality for girls in low-income contexts. Further, the lack of adequate disposal facilities can lead to social embarrassment and environmental pollution. Low-cost biodegradable absorbents (cotton terry cloth, linen, hemp cloth and bamboo wadding) were investigated in gelatine solution in terms of their absorption for use in menstrual hygiene. Bamboo wadding exhibits the highest absorption index (7.86), greater than cotton terry cloth (0.84), hemp cloth (1.4), linen (1.57) and a commercial sanitary pad (4.38). Though the absorption index of bamboo wadding is promising, especially in light of the vast availability of bamboo in tropical low- and middle-income countries, challenges lie in overcoming complex extraction processes from bamboo plants, which is discussed. This simple research of a physical material from a technical aspect, if further investigated with a social science and policy lens, could increase school attendance, improve the education levels attained by girls and be a key step towards gender equality in low- and middle-income countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: menstruation; adolescence; low income; sanitary pad; biodegradable; bamboo; gender equality; absorbency; menstrual hygiene menstruation; adolescence; low income; sanitary pad; biodegradable; bamboo; gender equality; absorbency; menstrual hygiene
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Foster, J.; Montgomery, P. A Study of Environmentally Friendly Menstrual Absorbents in the Context of Social Change for Adolescent Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9766. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189766

AMA Style

Foster J, Montgomery P. A Study of Environmentally Friendly Menstrual Absorbents in the Context of Social Change for Adolescent Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9766. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189766

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foster, Jasmin, and Paul Montgomery. 2021. "A Study of Environmentally Friendly Menstrual Absorbents in the Context of Social Change for Adolescent Girls in Low- and Middle-Income Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9766. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189766

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop