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Article

Subjective Perceptions of South Korean Parents Regarding the Effectiveness of Taekwondo Education for Adolescents and Its Characteristics: The Q Methodology Application

1
Department of Senior Sports Course, Daegu Haany University, 1 Hanuidae-ro, Gyeongsan-si 38610, Korea
2
Department of Physical Education, Pusan National University, Busandaehak-ro 63beon-gil, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 46241, Korea
3
Department of Physical Education, Kangnam University, 40 Gangnam-ro, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si 16979, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lorena Charrier, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Nardone and Paola Berchialla
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9687; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189687
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 13 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
This study aims to determine why Korean parents provide adolescent children with continuous physical education through Taekwondo. The Q methodology was applied. The final 25 Q-samples were selected by composing the Q-population. Twenty parents who provided their children with Taekwondo education for more than 10 years were designated as the P-sample. Q-sorting was performed on the P-sample. Centroid factor analysis and varimax rotation were performed using version 2.35 of PQ method program. The study observed four factors with a total explanatory variance of 69%. Types 1 to 4 (N = 5, 7, 5, and 3) pertained to a powerful means of enhancing mental health, the driving force behind stable school life and social development, improvement in psychological and social areas for a successful transition to adulthood, and increased awareness of the values of Taekwondo and importance of physical activity, with eigenvalues of 4.59, 6.42, 3.16, and 1.18 and explanatory variances of 0.16, 0.32, 0.12, and 0.09, respectively. Furthermore, consensus statements for each type were investigated as Q18 and Q17. These findings supported the academic foundation of proper Taekwondo education in adolescence and confirmed it as a powerful means of exerting a positive impact on adulthood. View Full-Text
Keywords: Taekwondo; adolescent; adolescence; Q methodology; subjectivity Taekwondo; adolescent; adolescence; Q methodology; subjectivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, W.; Jang, S.; Joung, K. Subjective Perceptions of South Korean Parents Regarding the Effectiveness of Taekwondo Education for Adolescents and Its Characteristics: The Q Methodology Application. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9687. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189687

AMA Style

Jeon W, Jang S, Joung K. Subjective Perceptions of South Korean Parents Regarding the Effectiveness of Taekwondo Education for Adolescents and Its Characteristics: The Q Methodology Application. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9687. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189687

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeon, Wonjae, Seunghyun Jang, and Kihong Joung. 2021. "Subjective Perceptions of South Korean Parents Regarding the Effectiveness of Taekwondo Education for Adolescents and Its Characteristics: The Q Methodology Application" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9687. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189687

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