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Understanding the Effect of Internal and External Factors on Households’ Willingness to Sort Waste in Dammam City, Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Environment, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Environmental Health, College of Public Health, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 31441, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elena Rada
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9685; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189685
Received: 18 May 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
The acceleration of growth in the population in Saudi Arabia and the increase in municipal solid waste generation have caused a problem in Dammam city: an increase in solid waste production. Therefore, solid waste sorting is an important practice of municipal solid waste management. The main objectives in this research are understanding the effect of internal and external factors on household willingness in sorting waste in Dammam city and studying the attempts to construct a theoretical research model by adding market incentives, government facilitators, and awareness into the popular planned behaviour theory to explain residents’ waste sorting intentions. The data collection and analysis are based on the questionnaire study, which is based on the questionnaire survey data from 450 households in Dammam. This study revealed that social influence significantly predicts households’ willingness to sort and recycle, that is, to promote recycling. Additionally, the variable social influence has a significant but low influence on households’ willingness to sort and recycle. The result of the structural equation model shows that perceived behavioural control significantly predicts households’ willingness to sort and recycle waste. This finding is consistent with the theoretical expectation. Therefore, this research shows that attitude, social influence, perceived behavioural control, market incentives, government facilitators and awareness positively and significantly affect residents’ waste sorting intentions. Additionally, this research corroborates the discrepancy between internal and external variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid waste management; waste sorting and recycling; psychological factors; awareness; market incentives; government facilitators solid waste management; waste sorting and recycling; psychological factors; awareness; market incentives; government facilitators
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MDPI and ACS Style

Labib, O.A.; Manaf, L.; Sharaai, A.H.; Zaid, S.S.M. Understanding the Effect of Internal and External Factors on Households’ Willingness to Sort Waste in Dammam City, Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189685

AMA Style

Labib OA, Manaf L, Sharaai AH, Zaid SSM. Understanding the Effect of Internal and External Factors on Households’ Willingness to Sort Waste in Dammam City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189685

Chicago/Turabian Style

Labib, Ossama A., Latifah Manaf, Amir H. Sharaai, and Siti S.M. Zaid 2021. "Understanding the Effect of Internal and External Factors on Households’ Willingness to Sort Waste in Dammam City, Saudi Arabia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9685. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189685

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