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Article

Evaluation of the Benefits, Satisfaction, and Limitations of Intergenerational Face-to-Face Activities: A General Population Survey in Spain

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Department of Psychology, Sociology and Philosophy, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Universidad de Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9683; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189683 (registering DOI)
Received: 27 July 2021 / Revised: 2 September 2021 / Accepted: 7 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Over the last decades, social isolation and loneliness among older adults have given rise to an increased interest in the study of intergenerational relationships. Intergenerational programs provide a great opportunity for older adults to connect with people of other generations. Many studies have reported the beneficial effects of these programs, improving the mental and physical health of the elderly and contributing to better academic formation and social skills in children. The aim of this study was to examine the benefits, satisfaction, and limitations of the intergenerational interactions derived from the performance of face-to-face activities, such as daily and healthcare activities, educational, cultural and leisure activities, and physical or sport activities. Participants were subjects living in Spain of any age (grouped into three age groups: <22, 22–40, and >40 years old) and from different social groups who completed an electronic 88-item questionnaire. The analysis of sociodemographic variables of the survey respondents revealed that people aged 40 or more, with personal autonomy, single or married, and living with a partner and/or other relative, and not retired, performed face-to-face activities with people of other generations with a significantly higher frequency than the rest of the groups for each variable. Most participants who participated in intergenerational face-to-face activities reported benefits to their physical and mental health, mood, relationships, self-determination, social participation, and academic education. Most participants were quite or very satisfied with the person with whom they performed this type of activities, especially if this person was a friend or a close relative. Except for grandparents, people who participated in intergenerational face-to-face activities and who had no limitations or disabilities were more frequently reported by the participants. In conclusion, intergenerational interactions derived from the performance of face-to-face activities can contribute to improve both the physical and mental health, social skills, and relationships of all people involved. View Full-Text
Keywords: intergenerational relationships; benefits; satisfaction; limitations; face-to-face activities intergenerational relationships; benefits; satisfaction; limitations; face-to-face activities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Canedo-García, A.; García-Sánchez, J.-N.; Díaz-Prieto, C.; Pacheco-Sanz, D.-I. Evaluation of the Benefits, Satisfaction, and Limitations of Intergenerational Face-to-Face Activities: A General Population Survey in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189683

AMA Style

Canedo-García A, García-Sánchez J-N, Díaz-Prieto C, Pacheco-Sanz D-I. Evaluation of the Benefits, Satisfaction, and Limitations of Intergenerational Face-to-Face Activities: A General Population Survey in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189683

Chicago/Turabian Style

Canedo-García, Alejandro, Jesús-Nicasio García-Sánchez, Cristina Díaz-Prieto, and Deilis-Ivonne Pacheco-Sanz. 2021. "Evaluation of the Benefits, Satisfaction, and Limitations of Intergenerational Face-to-Face Activities: A General Population Survey in Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9683. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189683

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