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Article

Dietary Behavior of Adolescents in the Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Comparison between Cities with and without the Healthy Cities Program

1
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Al Bukairiyah 52741, Saudi Arabia
2
School of Health, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
3
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Unaizah College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Unaizah 56432, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(18), 9508; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189508
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 2 September 2021 / Accepted: 5 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
This study reports dietary behaviors of adolescents in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia, and comparison of these behaviors between cities with and without the Healthy Cities Program (HCP). We surveyed 1133 school-attending adolescents aged 15–19, using a multi-staged cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size. Prevalence of daily breakfast consumption was 27.7% among the adolescents. Prevalence of daily vegetables, fruits and milk or milk products consumption was 35.9%, 28.6% and 51.1%, respectively. Meanwhile, the prevalence of daily consumption of fast-food and carbonated drinks was 7.5% and 37.1%, respectively. There was no significant association between living in the healthy cities and daily intake of breakfast (OR: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.87–1.53), fruits (OR: 1.02; 95% CI: 0.77–1.36), vegetables (OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 0.98–1.67), or milk/milk products (OR: 1.0; 95% CI: 0.77–1.29); and the daily intake of fast-food (OR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.49–1.35) or carbonated drinks (OR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.60–1.05). These findings warrant further in-depth evaluation of the HCP in the Qassim region of Saudi Arabia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Healthy Cities Program; adolescents; dietary behavior; nutrition; Saudi Arabia Healthy Cities Program; adolescents; dietary behavior; nutrition; Saudi Arabia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alasqah, I.; Mahmud, I.; East, L.; Alqarawi, N.; Usher, K. Dietary Behavior of Adolescents in the Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Comparison between Cities with and without the Healthy Cities Program. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189508

AMA Style

Alasqah I, Mahmud I, East L, Alqarawi N, Usher K. Dietary Behavior of Adolescents in the Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Comparison between Cities with and without the Healthy Cities Program. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(18):9508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189508

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alasqah, Ibrahim, Ilias Mahmud, Leah East, Nada Alqarawi, and Kim Usher. 2021. "Dietary Behavior of Adolescents in the Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Comparison between Cities with and without the Healthy Cities Program" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 18: 9508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18189508

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