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Effect of Maternal Factors on Problematic Smartphone Use among Elementary School Children

College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Korea
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9182; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179182
Received: 2 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 28 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
Mothers play a key role in ensuring their children’s healthy life. This study aimed to identify the maternal factors affecting problematic smartphone use in children. We adopted a cross-sectional descriptive design using structured questionnaires. Participants were fourth to sixth grade elementary school students in Korea (n = 184). The following maternal factors were evaluated: maternal mediation, children’s perception of mothers’ smartphone use, mother–child communication, and parenting style. Data regarding maternal factors’ effect on problematic smartphone use were analyzed by computing descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis using SPSS Win 27.0. The results show that the maternal factors that influenced problematic smartphone use in children were maternal control over smartphone usage (odds ratio (OR) = 5.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.33–19.60), smartphone usage time for social network service (OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.10–2.01), and problematic mother–child communication (OR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.00–1.14). Therefore, to promote appropriate smartphone use among school children, it is necessary to develop an intervention comprising maternal supervision of their children’s smartphones, guidance provision for social network service usage, and strategies for the reinforcement of positive mother–child communication. View Full-Text
Keywords: problematic smartphone usage; maternal factors; elementary school students; parent–child communication; social network service; Korea problematic smartphone usage; maternal factors; elementary school students; parent–child communication; social network service; Korea
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, E.J.; Kim, H.S. Effect of Maternal Factors on Problematic Smartphone Use among Elementary School Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9182. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179182

AMA Style

Lee EJ, Kim HS. Effect of Maternal Factors on Problematic Smartphone Use among Elementary School Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9182. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179182

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Eun Jee, and Hee Sun Kim. 2021. "Effect of Maternal Factors on Problematic Smartphone Use among Elementary School Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9182. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179182

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