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Article

Potential Help-Seeking Behaviors Associated with Better Self-Rated Health among Rural Older Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Community Care, Unnan City Hospital, Unnan 699-1221, Japan
2
Department of Primary Care and Medical Education, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8575, Japan
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8575, Japan
4
Health Services Center, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Human Resources Group, Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo 141-6025, Japan
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Physical Education and Medicine Research Center Unnan, Unnan 699-1105, Japan
6
Department of Community Medicine Management, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, 89-1 Enya cho, Izumo 693-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179116
Received: 10 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 27 August 2021 / Published: 29 August 2021
Help-seeking behaviors (HSB) for mild symptoms vary because of differences in health care resources and patients’ backgrounds. Potential HSBs for lay and professional care use are related to patients’ health conditions. However, there is a lack of evidence of the relation between them. This study examined the relation between patients’ potential HSBs and self-rated health (SRH). The cross-sectional study involved 169 patients, aged above 65 years, who visited a Japanese rural clinic. A validated checklist was used to assess potential patients’ HSBs. A chi-square test and logistic regression were performed to examine the relation between patients’ self-rated health and HSB regarding lay and professional care use. Participants were 77.5 years old, on average (SD = 8.3). Results reveal that having regular exercise habits (OR = 2.42, p = 0.04), adequate sleep (OR = 4.35, p = 0.006), work (OR = 2.59, p = 0.03), high socioeconomic status (OR = 6.67, p = 0.001), and using both lay and professional care (OR = 2.39, p = 0.046) were significantly correlated with high self-rated health. Living alone was negatively correlated with higher SRH (OR = 0.23, p = 0.015). To improve rural patients’ health care, in addition to improving their health management skills, potential HSB for mild symptoms should be investigated and interventions that consider patients’ socioeconomic factors and living conditions should be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: help-seeking behavior; self-rated health; rural older people; Japan; health education help-seeking behavior; self-rated health; rural older people; Japan; health education
MDPI and ACS Style

Ohta, R.; Sato, M.; Kitayuguchi, J.; Maeno, T.; Sano, C. Potential Help-Seeking Behaviors Associated with Better Self-Rated Health among Rural Older Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179116

AMA Style

Ohta R, Sato M, Kitayuguchi J, Maeno T, Sano C. Potential Help-Seeking Behaviors Associated with Better Self-Rated Health among Rural Older Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ohta, Ryuichi, Mikiya Sato, Jun Kitayuguchi, Tetsuhiro Maeno, and Chiaki Sano. 2021. "Potential Help-Seeking Behaviors Associated with Better Self-Rated Health among Rural Older Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179116

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