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Article

The Effect of Functional Motivation on Future Intention to Donate Blood: Moderating Role of the Blood Donor’s Stage

Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9115; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179115
Received: 4 July 2021 / Revised: 21 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 29 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
The low retention rate and lack of long-term blood donors are still worldwide problems, and the fostering and retaining of more blood donors has posed an urgent problem that requires a solution. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of functional motivation and blood donor stage in the future intention to donate blood. Three sites in China provided 252 blood donors who filled out a questionnaire including the volunteer function inventory, their future intention to donate blood, number of blood donations and demographic information. Based on a functional motivation approach, we investigated the motivations that influence unpaid blood donors’ future intention through qualitative interview methods. The results showed that blood donor stage moderated the relationship between values motivation and future intention to donate blood. More specifically, the predictive effect of values motivation on future intention decreased gradually from new donors to regular donors. Our study found that the effect of various motivations on blood donors’ intention was conditional; this effect changed with the development of blood donor behavioral stages. The results are significant in practice for establishing effective intervene strategies in maintaining blood donors. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood donation; intention; function approach; motivation; blood donor stage blood donation; intention; function approach; motivation; blood donor stage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Yao, M.; Liu, H.; Zheng, S. The Effect of Functional Motivation on Future Intention to Donate Blood: Moderating Role of the Blood Donor’s Stage. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179115

AMA Style

Zhang L, Yao M, Liu H, Zheng S. The Effect of Functional Motivation on Future Intention to Donate Blood: Moderating Role of the Blood Donor’s Stage. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Lifan, Meilin Yao, Hongrui Liu, and Shuang Zheng. 2021. "The Effect of Functional Motivation on Future Intention to Donate Blood: Moderating Role of the Blood Donor’s Stage" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18179115

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