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Article

Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions

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Department of Health Sciences, University West, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden
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AGERA KBT AB, 41138 Gothenburg, Sweden
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High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, BP 57, Errachidia 52000, Morocco
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Avenue de Sebta, Mhannech II, Tetouan 93002, Morocco
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Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Moulay Ismail University, BP 509, Boutalamine, Errachidia 52000, Morocco
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Department of Psychiatry, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Education in Sombor, University of Novi Sad, 25000 Sombor, Serbia
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Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Social Work with Children and Family, Faculty of Social Work, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8755; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168755
Received: 2 July 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 16 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19 Research)
This work studied self-reports from adolescents on how the COVID-19 pandemic has changed their behaviors, relationships, mood, and victimization. Data collection was conducted between September 2020 and February 2021 in five countries (Sweden, the USA, Serbia, Morocco, and Vietnam). In total, 5114 high school students (aged 15 to 19 years, 61.8% females) responded to our electronic survey. A substantial proportion of students reported decreased time being outside (41.7%), meeting friends in real life (59.4%), and school performance (30.7%), while reporting increased time to do things they did not have time for before (49.3%) and using social media to stay connected (44.9%). One third of the adolescents increased exercise and felt that they have more control over their life. Only a small proportion of adolescents reported substance use, norm-breaking behaviors, or victimization. The overall COVID-19 impact on adolescent life was gender-specific: we found a stronger negative impact on female students. The results indicated that the majority of adolescents could adapt to the dramatic changes in their environment. However, healthcare institutions, municipalities, schools, and social services could benefit from the findings of this study in their work to meet the needs of those young people who signaled worsened psychosocial functioning, increased stress, and victimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; COVID-19; exercise; gender; mental health; norm-breaking behaviors; psychosocial functioning; substance use; stress; victimization adolescents; COVID-19; exercise; gender; mental health; norm-breaking behaviors; psychosocial functioning; substance use; stress; victimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kerekes, N.; Bador, K.; Sfendla, A.; Belaatar, M.; Mzadi, A.E.; Jovic, V.; Damjanovic, R.; Erlandsson, M.; Nguyen, H.T.M.; Nguyen, N.T.A.; Ulberg, S.F.; Kuch-Cecconi, R.H.; Szombathyne Meszaros, Z.; Stevanovic, D.; Senhaji, M.; Hedman Ahlström, B.; Zouini, B. Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8755. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168755

AMA Style

Kerekes N, Bador K, Sfendla A, Belaatar M, Mzadi AE, Jovic V, Damjanovic R, Erlandsson M, Nguyen HTM, Nguyen NTA, Ulberg SF, Kuch-Cecconi RH, Szombathyne Meszaros Z, Stevanovic D, Senhaji M, Hedman Ahlström B, Zouini B. Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8755. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168755

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kerekes, Nóra, Kourosh Bador, Anis Sfendla, Mohjat Belaatar, Abdennour E. Mzadi, Vladimir Jovic, Rade Damjanovic, Maria Erlandsson, Hang T.M. Nguyen, Nguyet T.A. Nguyen, Scott F. Ulberg, Rachael H. Kuch-Cecconi, Zsuzsa Szombathyne Meszaros, Dejan Stevanovic, Meftaha Senhaji, Britt Hedman Ahlström, and Btissame Zouini. 2021. "Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8755. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168755

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