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Systematic Review

Systematic Review of the Relationships between 24-Hour Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators in School-Aged Children from Arab-Speaking Countries

1
Early Start and School of Health & Society, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
2
Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
3
CIDEFES—Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Educação Física e Exercício e Saúde, Universidade Lusófona, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
4
Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health, 4050-091 Porto, Portugal
5
Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8640; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168640
Received: 15 June 2021 / Revised: 6 August 2021 / Accepted: 7 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
The Australian and Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines for children and youth synthesized studies in English and French or other languages (if able to be translated with Google translate) and found very few studies published in English from Arabic countries that examined the relationship between objectively measured sedentary behaviour (SB), sleep and physical activity (PA) and health indicators in children aged 5–12 years. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the relationships between 24-hour movement behaviours and health indicators in school-aged children from Arab-speaking countries. Online databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTdiscus, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Scopus were searched for English, French and Arabic studies (written in English), while Saudi Digital Library, ArabBase, HumanIndex, KSUP, Pan-Arab Academic Journal, e-Marefa, Al Manhal eLibrary and Google Scholar were searched for Arabic studies. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework was used to assess the risk of bias and the quality of evidence for each health indicator. A total of 16 studies, comprising 15,346 participants from nine countries were included. These studies were conducted between 2000 and 2019. In general, low levels of PA and sleep and high SB were unfavourably associated with adiposity outcomes, behavioural problems, depression and low self-esteem. Favourable associations were reported between sleep duration and adiposity outcomes. SB was favourably associated with adiposity outcomes, withdrawn behaviour, attention and externalizing problems. PA was favourably associated with improved self-esteem and adiposity outcomes. Further studies to address the inequality in the literature in the Arab-speaking countries to understand the role of 24-hour movement behaviours and its positive influence on health outcomes across childhood are urgently needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: movement behaviours; child; sleep; sedentary behaviour; physical activity; Arab movement behaviours; child; sleep; sedentary behaviour; physical activity; Arab
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alanazi, Y.A.; Sousa-Sá, E.; Chong, K.H.; Parrish, A.-M.; Okely, A.D. Systematic Review of the Relationships between 24-Hour Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators in School-Aged Children from Arab-Speaking Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168640

AMA Style

Alanazi YA, Sousa-Sá E, Chong KH, Parrish A-M, Okely AD. Systematic Review of the Relationships between 24-Hour Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators in School-Aged Children from Arab-Speaking Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168640

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alanazi, Yazeed A., Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Kar H. Chong, Anne-Maree Parrish, and Anthony D. Okely. 2021. "Systematic Review of the Relationships between 24-Hour Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators in School-Aged Children from Arab-Speaking Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8640. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168640

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