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Forgiveness in the Context of Divorce: A Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance Study via Multiple-Group Factor Analysis (CFA) across Chile and Spain

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School of Psychology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 7820436, Chile
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Millennium Institute for Research in Depression and Personality (MIDAP), Santiago 7820436, Chile
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School of Psychology, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta 1240000, Chile
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Faculty of Psychology, Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, 20018 Donostia, Spain
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Education and Sport Faculty, Universidad del País Vasco-Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Begoña Espejo and Irene Checa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(16), 8236; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168236
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 25 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 4 August 2021
(1) Background: Current research on the factors involved in the adaptation process to divorce or separation has explored cross-cultural differences. An initial step in the cross-cultural field is to investigate whether the measurements applied are comparable in different cultural contexts. The aim of the present study is to test the measurement invariance of the Questionnaire of Forgiveness in Divorce-Separation (CPD-S); (2) Methods: The CPD-S was completed by 556 (M = 44.52, SD = 10.18) and 240 (M = 41.44, SD = 7.87) Chilean and Spanish divorced individuals, respectively. Confirmatory factor analyses in single samples and measurement invariance testing in a multi-group framework were conducted to test the cross-group equivalence; (3) Results: The single-factor structure of the CPD-S was supported in both countries. Measurement invariance analysis demonstrated that the CPD-S had partial scalar measurement invariance; (4) Conclusions: The evidence supports the conclusion that CPD-S operates similarly across both countries. Findings are discussed from a cross-cultural and methodological perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: divorce; forgiveness; measurement invariance divorce; forgiveness; measurement invariance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rivera-Ottenberger, D.; Guzmán-González, M.; Calderón, C.; Yárnoz-Yaben, S.; Comino, P. Forgiveness in the Context of Divorce: A Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance Study via Multiple-Group Factor Analysis (CFA) across Chile and Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168236

AMA Style

Rivera-Ottenberger D, Guzmán-González M, Calderón C, Yárnoz-Yaben S, Comino P. Forgiveness in the Context of Divorce: A Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance Study via Multiple-Group Factor Analysis (CFA) across Chile and Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(16):8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rivera-Ottenberger, Diana, Mónica Guzmán-González, Carlos Calderón, Sagrario Yárnoz-Yaben, and Priscila Comino. 2021. "Forgiveness in the Context of Divorce: A Cross-Cultural Measurement Invariance Study via Multiple-Group Factor Analysis (CFA) across Chile and Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 16: 8236. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168236

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