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Article

Effects of Power and Ballistic Training on Table Tennis Players’ Electromyography Changes

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar 9617976487, Iran
2
Department of Biomedical Science for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20122 Milan, Italy
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad 9177948974, Iran
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Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan 3513119111, Iran
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ENFYRED Research Group, Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 22001 Huesca, Spain
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School of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, Avenida de la Universidad s/n, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Javier Yanci
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7735; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157735
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Athlete Performance and Health)
The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of ballistic and power training on table tennis players’ electromyography (EMG) changes. Thirty male table tennis players, who were able to perform top spin strikes properly, were randomly assigned to three groups: power training (PT; n = 10); ballistic training (BT; n = 10); and no training (CON = control group; n = 10). PT and BT were performed 3 times weekly for 8 weeks. Before and after training programs, a one-repetition maximum test (1RM) and the EMG activity of all the subjects’ upper/lower body muscles while performing top spin strokes were analyzed. After training, significant interactions (group × time) were observed in increasing 1RM strength in upper/lower muscles (p < 0.05). However, neither training type had any significant effect on muscle EMG activity. These findings suggest that there should not necessarily be any significant change in the EMG signal after BT and PT despite the increase in muscle strength. View Full-Text
Keywords: maximum muscle excitability; root mean square; mean frequency; co-activation maximum muscle excitability; root mean square; mean frequency; co-activation
MDPI and ACS Style

Haghighi, A.H.; Zaferanieh, A.; Hosseini-Kakhak, S.A.; Maleki, A.; Esposito, F.; Cè, E.; Castellar, C.; Toro-Román, V.; Pradas, F. Effects of Power and Ballistic Training on Table Tennis Players’ Electromyography Changes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7735. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157735

AMA Style

Haghighi AH, Zaferanieh A, Hosseini-Kakhak SA, Maleki A, Esposito F, Cè E, Castellar C, Toro-Román V, Pradas F. Effects of Power and Ballistic Training on Table Tennis Players’ Electromyography Changes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7735. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157735

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haghighi, Amir H., Ali Zaferanieh, Seyed A. Hosseini-Kakhak, Ali Maleki, Fabio Esposito, Emiliano Cè, Carlos Castellar, Víctor Toro-Román, and Francisco Pradas. 2021. "Effects of Power and Ballistic Training on Table Tennis Players’ Electromyography Changes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7735. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157735

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