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Article

The Foraging Gene, a New Environmental Adaptation Player Involved in Xenobiotic Detoxification

INRAE, Université Côte d’Azur, CNRS, ISA, Sophia Antipolis, F-06903 Valbonne, France
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7508; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147508
Received: 27 May 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Foraging is vital for animals, especially for food. In Drosophila melanogaster, this behavior is controlled by the foraging gene (for) which encodes a cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKG). In wild populations of Drosophila, rover individuals that exhibit long foraging trails and sitter individuals that exhibit short ones coexist and are characterized by high and low levels of PKG activity, respectively. We, therefore, postulated that rover flies are more exposed to environmental stresses, including xenobiotics contamination, than sitter flies. We then tested whether these flies differed in their ability to cope with xenobiotics by exposing them to insecticides from different chemical families. We performed toxicological tests and measured the activity and expression levels of different classes of detoxification enzymes. We have shown that a link exists between the for gene and certain cytochrome P450-dependent activities and that the expression of the insecticide-metabolizing cytochrome P450 Cyp6a2 is controlled by the for gene. An unsuspected regulatory pathway of P450s expression involving the for gene in Drosophila is revealed and we demonstrate its involvement in adaptation to chemicals in the environment. This work can serve as a basis for reconsidering adaptation to xenobiotics in light of the behavior of species, including humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: foraging; adaptation; cGMP-dependent protein kinase; Drosophila melanogaster; insecticide; xenobiotic foraging; adaptation; cGMP-dependent protein kinase; Drosophila melanogaster; insecticide; xenobiotic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Amichot, M.; Tarès, S. The Foraging Gene, a New Environmental Adaptation Player Involved in Xenobiotic Detoxification. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147508

AMA Style

Amichot M, Tarès S. The Foraging Gene, a New Environmental Adaptation Player Involved in Xenobiotic Detoxification. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147508

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amichot, Marcel, and Sophie Tarès. 2021. "The Foraging Gene, a New Environmental Adaptation Player Involved in Xenobiotic Detoxification" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7508. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147508

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