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Article

Pre-Vaccination COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy in a Croatian Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Health Studies, University of Zadar, 23000 Zadar, Croatia
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Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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General Hospital Zadar, 23000 Zadar, Croatia
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Clinical Department of Pain Management, University Hospital Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Nursing Institute “Professor Radivoje Radić”, Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Medical School Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Department of Health Studies, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
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School of Medicine, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 7073; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073
Received: 16 May 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 30 June 2021 / Published: 2 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19 Research)
Despite world-level efforts and the endeavors of scientists and medical professionals in suppressing the COVID-19 pandemic, inadequate levels of vaccine literacy of the general population can represent a grave obstacle. The aim of this study was to evaluate COVID-19 vaccine literacy in the Croatian adult general population before vaccination began. The specific objectives were to test differences regarding socio-demographic characteristics and to examine perceptions and attitudes about vaccination against COVID-19 considering the level of VL against COVID-19. A cross-sectional study with a translated and psychometrically tested questionnaire was conducted in 1227 participants before the start of vaccination, from 15 to 31 January 2021. The results show a medium level of vaccine literacy (M = 2.37, SD = 0.54) and a significant difference between functional and interactive-critical vaccine literacy (p < 0.001). The level of vaccine literacy grew with the level of education (p = 0.031) and reduced with age (p < 0.001). Participants who were employed, had chronic diseases, took medicine, or consumed alcohol daily had a lower level of vaccine literacy. There is room for progress in the COVID-19 VL level for the adult population in Croatia, especially at the interactive-critical VL, which could have an important role in people accepting the vaccine against the COVID-19 disease. A satisfactory level of vaccine literacy in the population is necessary because it can contribute to the fight against the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; vaccine literacy; vaccination; pandemic; general population COVID-19; vaccine literacy; vaccination; pandemic; general population
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gusar, I.; Konjevoda, S.; Babić, G.; Hnatešen, D.; Čebohin, M.; Orlandini, R.; Dželalija, B. Pre-Vaccination COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy in a Croatian Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073

AMA Style

Gusar I, Konjevoda S, Babić G, Hnatešen D, Čebohin M, Orlandini R, Dželalija B. Pre-Vaccination COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy in a Croatian Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):7073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gusar, Ivana, Suzana Konjevoda, Grozdana Babić, Dijana Hnatešen, Maja Čebohin, Rahela Orlandini, and Boris Dželalija. 2021. "Pre-Vaccination COVID-19 Vaccine Literacy in a Croatian Adult Population: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 7073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137073

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