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Article

Incidence and Characteristics of Retinoblastoma in Poland: The First Nationwide Study 2010–2017

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Provisus Eye Clinic, 112 Redzinska str., 42-209 Czestochowa, Poland
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Saint Family Hospital Medical Center, 19 Wigury Str., 90-302 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmic Oncology, Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum, 31-501 Cracow, Poland
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Department of Ophthalmology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-416 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Analyses and Strategies, Ministry of Health, 00-952 Warsaw, Poland
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Doctoral School, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6539; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126539
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 13 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
Background: The present study aimed to investigate the incidence and characteristics of retinoblastoma in the overall population of Poland. Methods: The retrospective survey of both National Health Fund (NHF) and National Cancer Registry (NCR) databases were performed to identify all retinoblastoma cases in Poland in the years 2010–2017. Results: During 2010–2017, the mean age-standardised incidence of retinoblastoma (the unit of incidence is per 1,000,000 person-years) was 10.15 (95% CI 7.23–13.08) among children aged 0 to 4 years and 5.39 (95% CI 4.18–6.60) in those aged 0 to 9 years. During 2010–2014 (to allow 5 years of follow-up), the mean incidence of retinoblastoma by birth cohort analysis in Poland was 4.89 (95% CI 4.04–5.74) per 100,000 live births, corresponding to an incidence of 1 per 20,561 (95% CI 15,855–25,267) live births. In Poland, 14.6% of children with retinoblastoma had enucleation of the eye globe, 76.8% received different types of chemotherapy combined with focal treatment, 5.9% were treated with external beam radiotherapy, and 2.7% were treated with focal treatments only. Conclusions: The incidence of retinoblastoma and the pattern of medical management of retinoblastoma in Poland was similar to that reported in developed countries in Western Europe, Asia, and North America. View Full-Text
Keywords: retinoblastoma; eye surgery; chemotherapy; radiotherapy retinoblastoma; eye surgery; chemotherapy; radiotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nowak, M.S.; Romanowska-Dixon, B.; Grabska-Liberek, I.; Żurek, M. Incidence and Characteristics of Retinoblastoma in Poland: The First Nationwide Study 2010–2017. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126539

AMA Style

Nowak MS, Romanowska-Dixon B, Grabska-Liberek I, Żurek M. Incidence and Characteristics of Retinoblastoma in Poland: The First Nationwide Study 2010–2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126539

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nowak, Michał S., Bożena Romanowska-Dixon, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, and Michał Żurek. 2021. "Incidence and Characteristics of Retinoblastoma in Poland: The First Nationwide Study 2010–2017" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6539. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126539

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