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Review

Psychological Effects of Home Confinement and Social Distancing Derived from COVID-19 in the General Population—A Systematic Review

1
Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
2
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jan Kochanowski, 25-369 Kielce, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrea Fiorillo and Maurizio Pompili
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6528; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126528
Received: 13 May 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
(1) Background: Home confinement and social distancing are two of the main public health measures to curb the spread of SARS-Cov-2, which can have harmful consequences on people’s mental health. This systematic review aims to identify the best available scientific evidence on the impact that home confinement and social distancing, derived from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, have had on the mental health of the general population in terms of depression, stress and anxiety. (2) Methods: A systematic search was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and ScienceDirect between 2 January 2021 and 7 January 2021, in accordance with the recommendations of the PRISMA Declaration. The selection of studies and the evaluation of their methodological quality were performed in pairs, independently and blindly, based on predetermined eligibility criteria. (3) Results: The 26 investigations reviewed were developed in different regions and countries. Factors that are associated with poor mental health were female gender, young ages, having no income and suffering from a previous psychiatric illness. Inadequate management of the pandemic by authorities and a lack or excess of information also contributed to worse mental health. (4) Conclusions: There are groups of people more likely to suffer higher levels of anxiety, depression and stress during the restrictive measures derived from COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; home confinement; social distancing; mental health; adults; general population; anxiety; depression; stress COVID-19; pandemic; home confinement; social distancing; mental health; adults; general population; anxiety; depression; stress
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Fernández, P.; González-Santos, J.; Santamaría-Peláez, M.; Soto-Cámara, R.; Sánchez-González, E.; González-Bernal, J.J. Psychological Effects of Home Confinement and Social Distancing Derived from COVID-19 in the General Population—A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6528. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126528

AMA Style

Rodríguez-Fernández P, González-Santos J, Santamaría-Peláez M, Soto-Cámara R, Sánchez-González E, González-Bernal JJ. Psychological Effects of Home Confinement and Social Distancing Derived from COVID-19 in the General Population—A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6528. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126528

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodríguez-Fernández, Paula, Josefa González-Santos, Mirian Santamaría-Peláez, Raúl Soto-Cámara, Esteban Sánchez-González, and Jerónimo J. González-Bernal. 2021. "Psychological Effects of Home Confinement and Social Distancing Derived from COVID-19 in the General Population—A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6528. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126528

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