Next Article in Journal
Use of the Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture in Norwegian Hospitals: A Systematic Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Moving Together: Understanding Parent Perceptions Related to Physical Activity and Motor Skill Development in Preschool Children
Previous Article in Journal
The Characteristics of Patients with Oral Lichen Planus and Malignant Transformation—A Retrospective Study of 271 Patients
 
 
Article

Associations between Community Built Environments with Early Care and Education Classroom Physical Activity Practices and Barriers

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Allied Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 1200 N. Stonewall Ave., Oklahoma City, OK 73114, USA
2
Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine, Washington State University Health Sciences Spokane, 412 E Spokane Falls Blvd, Spokane, WA 99202, USA
3
Department of Child, Youth and Family Studies, College of Education and Human Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Louise Pound Hall, 512 N 12th St, Lincoln, NE 68588, USA
4
Department of Regional and City Planning, Gibbs College of Architecture, University of Oklahoma, 830 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA
5
Early Childhood Education Institute, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa, 4502 E. 41st St., Tulsa, OK 74135, USA
6
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Hudson College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 801 N.E. 13th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
7
Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, College of Allied Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 1200 N. Stonewall Ave., Oklahoma City, OK 73114, USA
8
Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Child Care Services, P.O. Box 25352, Oklahoma City, OK 73125, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6524; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126524
Received: 14 May 2021 / Revised: 6 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promotion of Physical Activity in Early Childhood)
The influence of community-built environments on physical activity (PA) support in Early Childhood Education settings (ECEs) is unknown. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine associations between community PA environments and ECE classroom PA practices. We included licensed Oklahoma ECE directors serving 3-to-5-year-old children. Parks and playground locations were exported from Google Earth. National Walkability Index was derived from 2010 US Census data. ArcMap 10.6 was used to geocode ECE locations, which were within an Activity Desert if no parks/playgrounds were located within a 1-mile radius or if Walkability Index was 10.5 or below. Classroom PA practices were determined by using the Nutrition and PA Self-Assessment tool (NAP SACC). Barriers to implementing practices were reported. Most Head Starts (n = 41; 80.3%), center-based childcare settings (CBC; n = 135; 87.0%), and family childcare homes (FCCHs; n = 153; 96.4%) were in an Activity Desert. Parks/playgrounds within a 10-mile buffer were correlated with classroom PA practices in FCCHs only (p < 0.001). Activity Desert status was not related to classroom PA practices for any ECE context (p > 0.029). While FCCHs may be the most vulnerable to lack of park and playground access, overall findings suggest ECEs provide a healthful micro-environment protective of the typical influence of community-built environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: childcare; physical activity practices; barriers; parks; walkability; GIS childcare; physical activity practices; barriers; parks; walkability; GIS
MDPI and ACS Style

Williams, B.D.; Sisson, S.B.; Dev, D.A.; Lowery, B.; Horm, D.; Campbell, J.; Finneran, D.; Graef-Downard, J.; Whaley, L. Associations between Community Built Environments with Early Care and Education Classroom Physical Activity Practices and Barriers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126524

AMA Style

Williams BD, Sisson SB, Dev DA, Lowery B, Horm D, Campbell J, Finneran D, Graef-Downard J, Whaley L. Associations between Community Built Environments with Early Care and Education Classroom Physical Activity Practices and Barriers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126524

Chicago/Turabian Style

Williams, Bethany D., Susan B. Sisson, Dipti A. Dev, Bryce Lowery, Diane Horm, Janis Campbell, Denise Finneran, Jennifer Graef-Downard, and Linda Whaley. 2021. "Associations between Community Built Environments with Early Care and Education Classroom Physical Activity Practices and Barriers" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6524. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126524

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop