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Article

A Mixed Methods Exploration of Surf Therapy Piloted for Youth Well-Being in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone

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School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, 9 Sighthill Court, Edinburgh EH11 4BN, UK
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United Sierra Leone, 9 York Road, Sussex Beach, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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Pipul Pikin Foundation, 60 Maxwell Street, Wellington, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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Moseray Fadika Trust Foundation, 154 Wilkinson Road, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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Job Opportunities for Youth (JOY), JOY Centre, 38 White Street, Tokeh Beach, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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Young Leaders Sierra Leone, AYV House, 3 Wesley Street, Tower Hill, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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The Messeh Leone Trust, Malaika Chambers, 17 Off Kingharman Road, Freetown, Sierra Leone
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cheng-Fang Yen
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6267; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126267
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 3 June 2021 / Accepted: 4 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
Young people in post-conflict and post-epidemic contexts such as Sierra Leone face a range of mental health challenges as part of their daily life. An innovative approach to Sport for Development that could offer support to youth mental health is surf therapy. This research used an uncontrolled mixed methods approach to explore surf therapy pilots run by five youth-focused and community development organizations around Freetown. Four sites provided useable pre/post data using the Stirling Children’s Well-Being Scale (n = 58, average age = 12.9). Three sites were associated with significant (p < 0.017) large effects (r = 0.65–0.84) on participant well-being. One site was associated with a non-significant (p < 0.380) small negative effect (r = −0.22). A synthesis of qualitative data within the five evaluations triangulated with quantitative findings and provided important context in terms of challenges to service delivery. This included low attendance as a plausible mediator for why one site saw very different results than other sites. Combined, these processes highlight the need for future research exploring possible dose-response relationships in surf therapy. This study also provides a foundation for more rigorous research in the future. These promising findings support continued and optimized delivery of surf therapy in Sierra Leone to support youth mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: surf therapy; mental health; sport for development; mixed methods; evaluation surf therapy; mental health; sport for development; mixed methods; evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marshall, J.; Kamuskay, S.; Samai, M.M.; Marah, I.; Tonkara, F.; Conteh, J.; Keita, S.; Jalloh, O.; Missalie, M.; Bangura, M.; Messeh-Leone, O.; Leone, M.; Ferrier, B.; Martindale, R. A Mixed Methods Exploration of Surf Therapy Piloted for Youth Well-Being in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6267. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126267

AMA Style

Marshall J, Kamuskay S, Samai MM, Marah I, Tonkara F, Conteh J, Keita S, Jalloh O, Missalie M, Bangura M, Messeh-Leone O, Leone M, Ferrier B, Martindale R. A Mixed Methods Exploration of Surf Therapy Piloted for Youth Well-Being in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6267. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126267

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marshall, Jamie, Sallu Kamuskay, Michaella Margaedah Samai, Isha Marah, Fanta Tonkara, Josephine Conteh, Sullayman Keita, Oullematu Jalloh, Mohamed Missalie, Mohamed Bangura, Olufemi Messeh-Leone, Messeh Leone, Brendon Ferrier, and Russell Martindale. 2021. "A Mixed Methods Exploration of Surf Therapy Piloted for Youth Well-Being in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6267. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126267

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