Next Article in Journal
A Qualitative Study to Explore the Barriers for Nonadherence to Referral to Hospital Births by Women with High-Risk Pregnancies in Nepal
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring Regional Advanced Manufacturing and Its Driving Factors: A Case Study of the Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macao Greater Bay Area
 
 
Article

Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh

1
School of Allied Health, Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford Essex CM1 1SQ, UK
2
CAPABLE-A Cambridge-Led Programme in Bangladesh, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1TN, UK
3
Department of Dental Public Health, Sapporo Dental College, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
4
Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research (CERH), Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, Finland
5
Department of Dental Public Health, City Dental College, Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh
6
Department of Dental Public Health, Update Dental College, Dhaka 1711, Bangladesh
7
Programme Manager (MSc Nursing and PH), The University of Sunderland in London, London E14 9SG, UK
8
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Al Bukairiyah 52741, Saudi Arabia
9
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Quantitative Health Science (IQ), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution and joint first author.
Academic Editor: Sumio Akifusa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5802; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115802
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 23 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
Background: Bangladesh has been attracting international students with interests in various subjects recently. Every year students from different parts of the world come to study undergraduate and postgraduate courses, mostly at private universities in Bangladesh. This study evaluates the depression status among international students who are studying dentistry in Bangladesh. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among International undergraduate dental students who enrolled in the Bachelor of Dental Surgery program in nine public and private dental colleges in Bangladesh. Participants were selected using a convenience sampling method. A total of 206 students completed the survey where 78.5% of them were female students and 21.5% students were male, and a CES-D 10-item Likert scale questionnaire was used for data collection. The Cronbach alpha for the 10-item CES-D scale for this population is 0.812. Results: The majority of the students (79.5%) are below 24 years of age with a mean age of 23.22 years and standard deviation of 2.3, and are students who cannot communicate well in Bengali (Bangla), about 60% of them have experienced depression. About 77.3% (p < 0.00) of the international students having financial difficulties exhibited depression. The international students who went through financial problems were two times more likely to suffer from depression (OR = 2.38; p-value < 0.01). Conclusion: This study tried to highlight the struggles faced by international students in Bangladesh studying dentistry. It is evident from the findings that several factors influence students’ mental well-being during demanding dental education years. View Full-Text
Keywords: international student; depression; Bangladesh; dental; CES-D; undergraduate international student; depression; Bangladesh; dental; CES-D; undergraduate
MDPI and ACS Style

Kabir, R.; Isha, S.N.; Chowdhury, M.T.H.; Siddika, N.; Jahan, S.S.; Saha, A.K.; Nath, S.K.; Jahan, M.S.; Sivasubramanian, M.; Mahmud, I.; Hoque Apu, E. Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115802

AMA Style

Kabir R, Isha SN, Chowdhury MTH, Siddika N, Jahan SS, Saha AK, Nath SK, Jahan MS, Sivasubramanian M, Mahmud I, Hoque Apu E. Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115802

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kabir, Russell, Samia Naz Isha, Mohammad Tawfique Hossain Chowdhury, Nazeeba Siddika, Shah Saif Jahan, Arup Kumar Saha, Sujan Kanti Nath, Mohammed Shahed Jahan, Madhini Sivasubramanian, Ilias Mahmud, and Ehsanul Hoque Apu. 2021. "Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5802. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115802

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop