Next Article in Journal
Postoperative Vomiting Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Is Associated with Intraoperative Fluid Administration: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Previous Article in Journal
Suicide Models and Treatment Models Are Separate Entities. What Does It Mean for Clinical Suicide Prevention?
Article

Association between Low House Cleaning Frequency, Cough and Risk of Miscarriage: A Case Control Study in China

1
Reproductive Center of Peking University Peoples’ Hospital, Peking University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing 100084, China
3
Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5304; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105304
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
This study investigated the association between house cleaning frequency and the risk of miscarriage in a case control sample of Chinese population. We recruited 59 pregnant women with clinical pregnancy loss as cases and 122 women who chose to conduct induced abortion as controls. All participants were aged 20~40 years and completed a questionnaire of lifestyle exposure with a trained nurse. The effect of frequency of cleaning up on risk of miscarriage was estimated using multivariable logistic regressions, adjusting for potential confounders. In the present study, it was shown that house cleaning of less than twice per week was significantly associated with cough during day or night with odds ratio (OR) of 2.97 (95% CI: 1.36~6.75, p = 0.007), and cough during day or night was significantly associated with risk of miscarriage with OR of 2.69 (95% CI: 1.22~6.02, p = 0.014). Thus, house cleaning of less than twice per week was statistically significantly associated with miscarriage with OR of 3.05 (95% CI: 1.51~6.31, p = 0.002). We found that females who have their house cleaned less than twice per week are at elevated risk for miscarriage. Therefore, the home of pregnant woman should be cleaned at least twice per week in order to avoid miscarriage. View Full-Text
Keywords: house cleaning frequency; cough; risk of miscarriage house cleaning frequency; cough; risk of miscarriage
MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, F.; Meng, X.; Zhang, Q.; Fu, M.; Ren, Y.; Hu, J.; Shen, H.; Tang, K. Association between Low House Cleaning Frequency, Cough and Risk of Miscarriage: A Case Control Study in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5304. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105304

AMA Style

Gao F, Meng X, Zhang Q, Fu M, Ren Y, Hu J, Shen H, Tang K. Association between Low House Cleaning Frequency, Cough and Risk of Miscarriage: A Case Control Study in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5304. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gao, Fumei; Meng, Xiangrui; Zhang, Qiuxiang; Fu, Min; Ren, Yumeng; Hu, Jianying; Shen, Huan; Tang, Kun. 2021. "Association between Low House Cleaning Frequency, Cough and Risk of Miscarriage: A Case Control Study in China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5304. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105304

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop