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Article

Design of Nature Tourism Route in Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador

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Instituto de Investigaciones (IDI), Proyecto de Investigación Diseño de Productos Turísticos (RETOUR), Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Panamericana Sur km 1½, Riobamba EC-060155, Ecuador
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Faculty of Natural Resources, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo (ESPOCH), Panamericana Sur km 1½, Riobamba EC-060155, Ecuador
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Natural Resources Management Faculty, Lakehead University, Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
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Research Group YASUNI-SDC, Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo, Sede Orellana, El Coca EC-220001, Ecuador
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Departamento Economía Financiera y Dirección de Operaciones, Universidad de Sevilla, 41018 Sevilla, Spain
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Instituto Superior Tecnológico, Universitario Oriente, La Joya de los Sachas EC-220101, Ecuador
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: María-del-Mar Alonso-Almeida, Carlo Giglio and Yi Liu
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105293
Received: 21 April 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
The design of new routes is a specific strategy to improve tourism management and to increase the attractiveness of landscape features, promoting activities as a part of sustainable development. This study proposes the design of alternative multi-parameter tourist routes in the Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve based on spatial network analysis implemented in ArcGIS 10.5® software. Tourist interest points were identified and mapped using spatial analysis software, then two routes for bicycles and hiking were defined as being the most efficient, based on the most frequented tourist attractions. The main contribution of this study is the identification of optimal routes for vehicular, bicycling, and hiking traffic through tourist attractions, considering variables such as the time, distance, average circulation speed, road state, and tourist facilities. As a result, two routes were identified. Route one includes 17 tourist attractions, five lodging establishments, four food centers, and one health center. On the other hand, route two includes 11 tourist attractions, two lodging and food establishments, and one health center. The final contribution of this research is to maximize tour satisfaction by presenting new routes of visiting tourist attractions due to the growing demand in the Chimborazo Reserve. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycling; hiking; multiple criteria; GIS designing; cost distance; tourism planning cycling; hiking; multiple criteria; GIS designing; cost distance; tourism planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castillo-Vizuete, D.; Gavilanes-Montoya, A.; Chávez-Velásquez, C.; Benalcázar-Vergara, P.; Mestanza-Ramón, C. Design of Nature Tourism Route in Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105293

AMA Style

Castillo-Vizuete D, Gavilanes-Montoya A, Chávez-Velásquez C, Benalcázar-Vergara P, Mestanza-Ramón C. Design of Nature Tourism Route in Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105293

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castillo-Vizuete, Danny; Gavilanes-Montoya, Alex; Chávez-Velásquez, Carlos; Benalcázar-Vergara, Paúl; Mestanza-Ramón, Carlos. 2021. "Design of Nature Tourism Route in Chimborazo Wildlife Reserve, Ecuador" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105293

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