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Article

Updating Standards of Facial Growth in Romanian Children and Adolescents Using the Anthropometric Method—A Pilot Study

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Pediatric Dentistry Research Center, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square No. 2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Oral Rehabilitation and Dental Emergencies, Faculty of Dentistry, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square No. 2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, “George Emil Palade” University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science, and Technology of Târgu Mureș, Gheorghe Marinescu Street No. 38, 540142 Târgu Mureș, Romania
4
Department of Functional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square No. 2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandro Nota and Simona Tecco
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5288; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105288
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 24 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
The anthropometric method is an important tri-dimensional and non-invasive assessment instrument for accurate diagnosis in paedodontics, orthodontics, and other medical fields. Our aim was to propose a technique that is accessible for clinicians and to determine the reference values for Romanian children and adolescents for the facial parameters selected. We proposed three basic instruments: a plastic compass, a ruler, and a digital caliper. Eighty-five children and adolescents (62% girls and 38% boys), aged between 3.5 and 14.5 years, were included in the study. We selected eight transversal, 12 vertical, and three sagittal measurements. Facial indices, according to Farkas L.G., were directly determined. The correlations between facial and general growth parameters, using Pearson correlation coefficient, for the entire sample were significant, direct, and strong for the following: Zy-Zy, Go-Go, N-Gn, N-Sn, Sto-Gn, Tr-Gn, Tr-Sn, Tr-Tr (r = 0.526–0.925, p < 0.001), and insignificant for Sn-Sto (r = 0.099–0.124, p > 0.354). The highest correlation coefficient is exhibited by Tr-Gn (r = 0.893 with height and r = 0.925 with weight). When performing a gender related comparison, we noticed that the vertical and transversal linear parameters and some facial indices are increased in boys (p < 0.05), depending on the age group. The simplified anthropometric technique represents an accessible method to every clinician, bringing important information related to dentofacial growth, diagnosis, and treatment planning in dentistry. View Full-Text
Keywords: facial growth; non-invasive measurements; anthropometry; reference values; healthy children and adolescents; orthodontic diagnosis; interceptive orthodontics facial growth; non-invasive measurements; anthropometry; reference values; healthy children and adolescents; orthodontic diagnosis; interceptive orthodontics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ogodescu, E.; Popa, M.; Luca, M.; Igna, A.; Miron, M.; Martha, K.; Tudor, A.; Todea, C. Updating Standards of Facial Growth in Romanian Children and Adolescents Using the Anthropometric Method—A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105288

AMA Style

Ogodescu E, Popa M, Luca M, Igna A, Miron M, Martha K, Tudor A, Todea C. Updating Standards of Facial Growth in Romanian Children and Adolescents Using the Anthropometric Method—A Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105288

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ogodescu, Emilia; Popa, Malina; Luca, Magda; Igna, Andreea; Miron, Mariana; Martha, Krisztina; Tudor, Anca; Todea, Carmen. 2021. "Updating Standards of Facial Growth in Romanian Children and Adolescents Using the Anthropometric Method—A Pilot Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 10: 5288. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105288

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