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Review

Adaptation of Music Therapists’ Practice to the Outset of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Going Virtual: A Scoping Review

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Center of Evidence-Based Education & Arts Therapies, Faculty of Education, Palacky University, Žižkovo nám. 5, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Institute of Special Education Studies, Faculty of Education, Žižkovo nám. 5, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Czech National Centre for Evidence-Based Healthcare and Knowledge Translation Institute of Biostatistics and Analyses, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Kamenice 753/5, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Centre for Social Services Tloskov, Tloskov 1, 257 56 Neveklov, Czech Republic
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Department of Music, The Faculty of Humanities, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 5290002, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rainbow Tin Hung Ho
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5138; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105138
Received: 23 March 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Background: In the midst of a worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, music therapists previously not involved in telehealth had to develop effective remote forms of music therapy. The objective of this review was to systematically explore how music therapists previously working in-person adapted to the transfer to remote forms of therapy in the context of the coronavirus outbreak. Methods: We searched Scopus, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL, Medline, ProQuest Central, PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO and PsyARTICLES, grey literature (to October 2020), and websites of professional organizations. We followed the JBI methodology for scoping reviews. Results: Out of the 194 screened texts, we included ten very heterogeneous articles with an overall very low quality. Most texts described remote therapy in the form of synchronous video calls using the Internet, one paper described a concert in a patio of a residential home. We report the authors’ experience with the adaptation and activities, challenges and benefits of remote forms of therapy, recommendations of organizations, and examples and tips for online therapies. Conclusions: Music therapists have adapted the musical instruments, the hours, the technology used, the therapeutic goals, the way they prepared their clients for sessions, and other aspects. They needed to be more flexible, consult with colleagues more often, and mind the client-therapist relationship’s boundaries. It seems, when taken as a necessary short-term measure, online music therapy works sufficiently well. The majority of papers stated that benefits outweighed the challenges, although many benefits were directly linked with the pandemic context. View Full-Text
Keywords: music therapy; telemedicine; telehealth; remote therapy; COVID-19; adaptation; scoping review music therapy; telemedicine; telehealth; remote therapy; COVID-19; adaptation; scoping review
MDPI and ACS Style

Kantorová, L.; Kantor, J.; Hořejší, B.; Gilboa, A.; Svobodová, Z.; Lipský, M.; Marečková, J.; Klugar, M. Adaptation of Music Therapists’ Practice to the Outset of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Going Virtual: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5138. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105138

AMA Style

Kantorová L, Kantor J, Hořejší B, Gilboa A, Svobodová Z, Lipský M, Marečková J, Klugar M. Adaptation of Music Therapists’ Practice to the Outset of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Going Virtual: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(10):5138. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105138

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kantorová, Lucia, Jiří Kantor, Barbora Hořejší, Avi Gilboa, Zuzana Svobodová, Matěj Lipský, Jana Marečková, and Miloslav Klugar. 2021. "Adaptation of Music Therapists’ Practice to the Outset of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Going Virtual: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 10: 5138. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105138

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