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Article

Long-Term Outcomes of Service Women Injured on Combat Deployment

1
Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA 92152, USA
2
Leidos, Inc., San Diego, CA 92152, USA
3
Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, CA 92134, USA
4
Axiom Corporation, San Diego, CA 92152, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010039
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 20 December 2020 / Published: 23 December 2020
Sex- and gender-based health disparities are well established and may be of particular concern for service women. Given that injured service members are at high risk of adverse mental and behavioral health outcomes, it is important to address any such disparities in this group, especially in regard to patient-reported outcomes, as much of the existing research has focused on objective medical records. The current study addressed physical and mental health-related quality of life, mental health symptoms, and health behaviors (i.e., alcohol use, sleep, and physical activity) among a sample of service women injured on deployment. Results indicate that about half of injured service women screened positive for a mental health condition, and also evidenced risky health behaviors including problematic drinking, poor sleep, and physical inactivity. Many of the mental and behavioral health variables demonstrated statistically significant associations with each other, supporting the relationships between psychological health and behaviors. Results provide additional evidence for the importance of access to integrated and effective mental healthcare treatment for injured service women and the need for screening in healthcare settings that address the multiple factors (e.g., mental health symptoms, alcohol use, poor sleep) that may lead to poor outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: women’s health; military; veterans; mental health; patient-reported outcomes; health behaviors women’s health; military; veterans; mental health; patient-reported outcomes; health behaviors
MDPI and ACS Style

Watrous, J.R.; McCabe, C.T.; Dougherty, A.L.; Yablonsky, A.M.; Jones, G.; Harbertson, J.; Galarneau, M.R. Long-Term Outcomes of Service Women Injured on Combat Deployment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010039

AMA Style

Watrous JR, McCabe CT, Dougherty AL, Yablonsky AM, Jones G, Harbertson J, Galarneau MR. Long-Term Outcomes of Service Women Injured on Combat Deployment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):39. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Watrous, Jessica R., Cameron T. McCabe, Amber L. Dougherty, Abigail M. Yablonsky, Gretchen Jones, Judith Harbertson, and Michael R. Galarneau 2021. "Long-Term Outcomes of Service Women Injured on Combat Deployment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 1: 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010039

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