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Open AccessArticle

An Overview of the Policy and Market Landscape of Tobacco Production and Control in Mozambique

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Independent Researcher, Av. Vladmir Lenine #2081, Flat 1.4, Maputo P.O. Box 55, Mozambique
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Social and Behavioral Sciences Department, School of Nursing, UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
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Division of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 West Roosevelt Rd., Chicago, IL 60607, USA
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School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 3630 Promenade Sir William Osler, Montreal, QC H3G 1Y5, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 343; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010343
Received: 30 October 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 5 January 2021
Background: Tobacco growing has been considered a mainstay of Mozambique’s economy, but there is a dearth of analysis of the tobacco policy landscape in the country. Methods: Review of government and non-government documents and academic papers addressing Mozambique’s tobacco-growing history, the changes in the political economy of tobacco, and health policies addressing tobacco use and prevention of noncommunicable diseases. Results: Despite its tobacco growing and exporting history, the contribution of tobacco to the economy has been in steady decline in the past two decades, including in the areas dedicated to growing. At the same time there has been an increase in multinational control of the tobacco economy. In parallel, Mozambique’s commitment to addressing the growing burden of noncommunicable disease and accession to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control indicate a potential for internal government tensions to balance immediate economic interests with long term health goals. Conclusions: With the decline in tobacco share of the overall economy, Mozambique may be well-positioned to explore alternative, sustainable livelihoods for farmers that grow tobacco, but it must overcome inter-sectoral barriers and advocate for a whole of government approach to address the health and economic impact of tobacco. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco control; tobacco farming; public policy; agriculture; agricultural production; governance tobacco control; tobacco farming; public policy; agriculture; agricultural production; governance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguenha, N.; Cunguara, B.; Bialous, S.; Drope, J.; Lencucha, R. An Overview of the Policy and Market Landscape of Tobacco Production and Control in Mozambique. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010343

AMA Style

Nguenha N, Cunguara B, Bialous S, Drope J, Lencucha R. An Overview of the Policy and Market Landscape of Tobacco Production and Control in Mozambique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010343

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguenha, Nicole; Cunguara, Benedito; Bialous, Stella; Drope, Jeffrey; Lencucha, Raphael. 2021. "An Overview of the Policy and Market Landscape of Tobacco Production and Control in Mozambique" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 343. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010343

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