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Open AccessArticle

Inculcation of Green Behavior in Employees: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Approach

1
Lahore Business School, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
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Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
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Department of Human Sciences, Università Europea di Roma, 00163 Roma, Italy
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Social Matters Research Group, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Facultad de Administración y Negocios, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago 425, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 331; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010331
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Organizational Values and Mental Health)
In this era of globalization, preventing organizations from undermining and degrading the environment has become a great challenge, especially when considering that organizations are among the major contributors to environmental deterioration. As a result, scholars have recently begun to focus on understanding the key determinants of employee green behavior (EGB), a nascent field within the area of sustainable development and organizational behavior. This study extends the emerging discussion over EGB by investigating how green behavior can be inculcated into employees’ mindsets and under what conditions this can best be accomplished. The present research examines the relationship between ethical leadership and EGB by the mediating mechanisms of green psychological climate, employees’ harmonious environmental passion, and employees’ environmental commitment, through the underpinnings of social learning theory. Further, the study examines the contingency effects of leaders’ pro-environmental attitudes to determine how leaders with ethical attributes and pro-environmental attitudes can create a green psychological climate that ultimately leads to EGB through employees’ harmonious environmental passion and employees’ environmental commitment. The approach to implementing theory development is deductive as the research employed a quantitative research design and survey administration with a time-lagged approach. Multi-level data were collected from 400 respondents working in public and private sector hospitals and universities in Pakistan. The analysis was conducted in MPlus. The results show positive and statistically significant effects of ethical leadership on EGB through the serial mediations of a green psychological climate and employees’ harmonious environmental passion, and a green psychological climate and employees’ environmental commitment. Moreover, the leaders’ pro-environmental attitude contingency strengthens the indirect impact of ethical leadership on EGB. This research provides several managerial implications through which organizations can strategically concentrate on EGB, including saving energy by turning off unused lights, reducing waste, and recycling. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethical leadership; employee green behavior; social learning theory; green psychological climate; leaders’ pro-environmental attitudes; employees’ harmonious environmental passion; employees’ environmental commitment; multi-level ethical leadership; employee green behavior; social learning theory; green psychological climate; leaders’ pro-environmental attitudes; employees’ harmonious environmental passion; employees’ environmental commitment; multi-level
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MDPI and ACS Style

Saleem, M.; Qadeer, F.; Mahmood, F.; Han, H.; Giorgi, G.; Ariza-Montes, A. Inculcation of Green Behavior in Employees: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010331

AMA Style

Saleem M, Qadeer F, Mahmood F, Han H, Giorgi G, Ariza-Montes A. Inculcation of Green Behavior in Employees: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Saleem, Maria; Qadeer, Faisal; Mahmood, Faisal; Han, Heesup; Giorgi, Gabriele; Ariza-Montes, Antonio. 2021. "Inculcation of Green Behavior in Employees: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Approach" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 331. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010331

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