Next Article in Journal
Leading Enterovirus Genotypes Causing Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Guangzhou, China: Relationship with Climate and Vaccination against EV71
Next Article in Special Issue
Bivariate Joint Spatial Modeling to Identify Shared Risk Patterns of Hypertension and Diabetes in South Africa: Evidence from WHO SAGE South Africa Wave 2
Previous Article in Journal
How and When Job Crafting Relates to Employee Creativity: The Important Roles of Work Engagement and Perceived Work Group Status Diversity
Previous Article in Special Issue
Racial Segregation, Testing Site Access, and COVID-19 Incidence Rate in Massachusetts, USA
Open AccessArticle

Spatiotemporal Distribution of Zika Virus and Its Spatially Heterogeneous Relationship with the Environment

by 1, 1,*, 2,3, 1, 1 and 2,3
1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
Institute of Land Surface System and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 290; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010290
Received: 10 November 2020 / Revised: 28 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 2 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disaster Nursing and Public Health Emergency Preparedness)
Infectious diseases have caused some of the most feared plagues and greatly harmed human health. However, despite the qualitative understanding that the occurrence and diffusion of infectious disease is related to the environment, the quantitative relations are unknown for many diseases. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that poses a fatal threat and has spread explosively throughout the world, impacting human health. From a geographical perspective, this study aims to understand the global hotspots of ZIKV as well as the spatially heterogeneous relationship between ZIKV and environmental factors using exploratory special data analysis (ESDA) model. A geographically weighted regression (GWR) model was used to analyze the influence of the dominant environmental factors on the spread of ZIKV at the continental scale. The results indicated that ZIKV transmission had obvious regional and seasonal heterogeneity. Population density, GDP per capita, and landscape fragmentation were the dominant environmental factors affecting the spread of ZIKV, which indicates that social factors had a greater influence than natural factors on the spread of it. As SARS-CoV-2 is spreading globally, this study can provide methodological reference for fighting against the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZIKV; spatiotemporal distribution; socio-ecological environmental factors; ESDA-GIS model; GWR model; SARS-CoV-2 ZIKV; spatiotemporal distribution; socio-ecological environmental factors; ESDA-GIS model; GWR model; SARS-CoV-2
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Jia, K.; Liu, Y.; Yuan, B.; Xia, M.; Zhao, W. Spatiotemporal Distribution of Zika Virus and Its Spatially Heterogeneous Relationship with the Environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 290. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010290

AMA Style

Li J, Jia K, Liu Y, Yuan B, Xia M, Zhao W. Spatiotemporal Distribution of Zika Virus and Its Spatially Heterogeneous Relationship with the Environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):290. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010290

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Jie; Jia, Kun; Liu, Yanxu; Yuan, Bo; Xia, Mu; Zhao, Wenwu. 2021. "Spatiotemporal Distribution of Zika Virus and Its Spatially Heterogeneous Relationship with the Environment" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 290. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010290

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop