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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Physical Activity on the Regulation of Disease of Elderly Persons with Metabolic Syndrome

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010275
Received: 23 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 24 December 2020 / Published: 1 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Exercise and Health)
Metabolic syndrome is a group of metabolic risk factors whose combination significantly contributes to the development of the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, some cancers and is a clear indicator of morbidity rate. The aim of this study was to identify physical activity programs that can successfully influence the reduction of risk factors in metabolic syndrome of the elderly. Subjects were aged between 60 and 80 years, had three of five signs of metabolic syndrome, and were randomly divided into three groups of 20 subjects. The first group conducted a continuous cycling ergometer (55% VO2max), the second group a physical activity strength program and the third was a control group. Before and after the experimental treatment body composition, biochemical parameters, functional parameters, cardiovascular functions, metabolic and hematological system were determined. Significant differences between control and experimental groups were determined using MANOVA. The training effects of the experimental and control groups were determined using the ANOVA for repeated measurements with Bonfferoni correction. The results showed that a physical activity program of strength has a better effect on disease regulation in the elderly with metabolic syndrome than a moderate-intensity physical activity program which also has a significant change but in less variables. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; hypertension; overweight; blood pressure reduction; insulin resistance; cardiovascular risk metabolic syndrome; hypertension; overweight; blood pressure reduction; insulin resistance; cardiovascular risk
MDPI and ACS Style

Stetic, L.; Belcic, I.; Sporis, G.; Stetic, L.; Starcevic, N. Influence of Physical Activity on the Regulation of Disease of Elderly Persons with Metabolic Syndrome. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010275

AMA Style

Stetic L, Belcic I, Sporis G, Stetic L, Starcevic N. Influence of Physical Activity on the Regulation of Disease of Elderly Persons with Metabolic Syndrome. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stetic, Lucija; Belcic, Ivan; Sporis, Goran; Stetic, Leon; Starcevic, Nikola. 2021. "Influence of Physical Activity on the Regulation of Disease of Elderly Persons with Metabolic Syndrome" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010275

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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