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Methodological Analysis of the Effect of an Anti-Bullying Programme in Secondary Education through Communicative Competence: A Pre-Test–Post-Test Study with a Control-Experimental Group

1
Department of Didactics and School Organization, Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca (UPSA), 37002 Salamanca, Spain
2
Department of Didactics and School Organization, Faculty of Education, University of Almería (UAL), 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Department of Language and Literature, Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca (UPSA), 37002 Salamanca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3047; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093047
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 25 April 2020 / Published: 27 April 2020
The promotion of communicative competence in students play a key role in schools for the purpose of improving social, emotional and coexistence relationships in Secondary Education students. The development of said competence can represent a great strategy to improve conflicts in the classroom, notably bullying. We used a quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test control group design with a sample of 55 students from the city of Salamanca (Spain) to analyse the level of conflict and their perceptions about bullying during the 2017–2018 academic year. The anti-bullying programme called the Improvement of Coexistence and Communicative Competence (ICCC) programme used is. The behaviour of students based on their level of coexistence with the group of classmates was measured by the INSEBULL instrument (Bullying Assessment Instrument), which added one more dimension of own elaboration. The results showed that, even though the significant levels of conflict, they decreased substantially once the ICCC programme was applied. Furthermore, we found differences between the control and experimental groups which underlined the effectiveness of the program. Regarding gender, no differences were found in the experimental group. This study shows that the development of communicative competence in students has a significant impact on their level of coexistence with other classmates, although the results suggested the need for longitudinal implementation of the programme in order to improve school coexistence and social skills of students from the early stages of education. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondary education; students; coexistence; communicative competence; bullying secondary education; students; coexistence; communicative competence; bullying
MDPI and ACS Style

González-Alonso, F.; Guillén-Gámez, F.D.; de Castro-Hernández, R.M. Methodological Analysis of the Effect of an Anti-Bullying Programme in Secondary Education through Communicative Competence: A Pre-Test–Post-Test Study with a Control-Experimental Group. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3047.

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