Quality of Life Framework for Personalised Ageing: A Systematic Review of ICT Solutions
2. The Framework for Quality of Life and Personalised Ageing
2.1. Quality of Life
2.2. Smart Ageing
2.3. The Framework—A Contribution of ICT Solutions
2.3.1. Horizontal Component
2.3.2. Vertical Component
3. Methodology of the Review
3.1. Data Sources and Search Strategy
3.2. Study Selection Process
3.2.1. Inclusion Criteria
- Articles and patents which included ICT solutions to achieve the QoL for older adults that:
- Addressed ICT solutions in home or supportive care environments for older adults with specific needs regardless of whether the ICT solution was embedded on the human body or in a home, building, city, region, and country;
- Addressed the physical and/or mental needs faced by older adults;
- Involved ICT solutions that have been implemented or deployed in pilot form contributing to the key smart ageing determinants (i.e., long-term care, diet and nutrition, new technologies, physical activity, social inclusion and participation, employment and volunteering, access to services, and education and life-long learning);
- Articles and patents which intend to understand various QoL dimensions (i.e., material living conditions, health, education, productive and valued activities, governance and basic rights, leisure and social interactions, natural and living environment, economic and physical safety, and overall experience of life) in terms of QoL for older adults;
- Articles and patents which are peer-reviewed and published in English within a 20-year period (i.e., 1999–2019).
- Articles that used any kind of research methodology with positive/negative results.
3.2.2. Exclusion Criteria
- Articles and patents written in a language other than English;
- Articles and patents that were unavailable or available with an abstract;
- Articles covering theoretical reviews, narrative reviews, meta-analyses, conference notes, and other types of literature reviews;
- Articles and patents that are about technology which differs from ICT for older people;
- Research published in conference proceedings, books, book chapters, and master’s and doctoral theses;
- Articles and patents that consider ICT solutions contributing to smart concepts other than smart ageing and QoL for older adults;
- Articles and patents on assistive devices such as canes, wheeled walkers, hearing aids, etc.;
- Studies published before 1999;
- Research which focuses on ICT solutions contributing to the concept of smart ageing in developing countries, which are under different conditions to developed countries;
- Research with a focus on industry and production of ICT solutions;
- Research materials on telemonitoring, telemedicine or telehealth programs which include self-monitoring using low-complexity technologies;
- Research materials that reported combined interventions;
- Articles that did not provide enough information for categorising the data source.
3.3. Publications Review and Data Extraction
4.1. Literature Analysis
4.2. Patent Analysis
5.1. Horizontal Component
5.2. Vertical Component
5.3. Study Flaws and Limitations
Conflicts of Interest
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Baraković, S.; Baraković Husić, J.; van Hoof, J.; Krejcar, O.; Maresova, P.; Akhtar, Z.; Melero, F.J. Quality of Life Framework for Personalised Ageing: A Systematic Review of ICT Solutions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082940
Baraković S, Baraković Husić J, van Hoof J, Krejcar O, Maresova P, Akhtar Z, Melero FJ. Quality of Life Framework for Personalised Ageing: A Systematic Review of ICT Solutions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(8):2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082940Chicago/Turabian Style
Baraković, Sabina, Jasmina Baraković Husić, Joost van Hoof, Ondrej Krejcar, Petra Maresova, Zahid Akhtar, and Francisco Jose Melero. 2020. "Quality of Life Framework for Personalised Ageing: A Systematic Review of ICT Solutions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 8: 2940. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082940