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Open AccessArticle

Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing in Regard to Activities of Daily Living and Motivation for Rehabilitation among Stroke Patients

1
Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
2
Department of Nursing, Yuhing Junior College of Health Care & Management, Kaohsiung 80776, Taiwan
3
College of General Education, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 40201, Taiwan
4
Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
5
Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Taichung 43302, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2755; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082755
Received: 26 March 2020 / Revised: 12 April 2020 / Accepted: 14 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity for Health)
Background: Stroke patients urgently need rehabilitation to enhance activities of daily living. This study aims to determine whether motivational interviewing (MI) improves the performance of activities of daily living and enhances motivation for rehabilitation among first-stroke patients. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used in this study. The study recruited 65 patients between March and October 2016. Before the intervention, all patients received routine care. The experimental group (n = 33) received weekly sessions of MI for 6 weeks, whereas the control group (n = 32) received individual attention from a research nurse weekly for 6 weeks. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data, including demographic data, activities of daily living data (Barthel index {BI} and instrumental activities of daily living {IADLs} scale), and rehabilitation motivation data. Results: The BI and IADLs scores significantly improved with time in both the experimental and control groups. The generalized estimating equation approach showed that at 6 weeks and 3 months after the intervention, the rehabilitation motivation scores in the experimental group were respectively 3.10 and 2.54 points higher than those in the control group, with significant differences. Conclusions: MI could effectively enhance motivation for rehabilitation among stroke patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivational interviewing; stroke; activities of daily living; rehabilitation motivation motivational interviewing; stroke; activities of daily living; rehabilitation motivation
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Chen, H.-M.; Lee, H.-L.; Yang, F.-C.; Chiu, Y.-W.; Chao, S.-Y. Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing in Regard to Activities of Daily Living and Motivation for Rehabilitation among Stroke Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2755.

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